FORUM scienza

FORUM scienza

Funded by: ASI – Agenzia Spaziale Italiana  
Calls: Accordo Quadro ASI – CNR n. 2018-6-Q.0
Start date: 2019-10-22  End date: 2022-12-31
Total Budget: EUR 462.921,00  INO share of the total budget: EUR 149.776,81
Scientific manager:    and for INO is: Palchetti Luca

Organization/Institution/Company main assignee: CNR – Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO)

other Organization/Institution/Company involved:
ASI Agenzia Spaziale Italiana – Italy
CNR – Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara” (IFAC)
CNR-IAC Istituto per le Applicazioni del Calcolo “Mauro Picone”
CNR-ISAC – Istituto di Scienze dell’Atmosfera e del Clima
Università degli Studi della BASILICATA
Università di Bologna – Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia

other INO’s people involved:

Barucci Marco
Belotti Claudio
D’Amato Francesco
Montori Alessio
Ridolfi Marco
Viciani Silvia

Abstract: The project is related to research and development activities in support to the development of the ESA Earth-Explorer-9 FORUM satellite mission. In particular, the following activities are developed:
– Coordination of the national community for studies about radiative effects of water vapour and clouds on the climate system by means of spectral measurements of the radiation emitted by the Earth in the far infrared.
– Development and validation of a shared algorithm for the simultaneous retrieval of atmospheric parameters and optical and microphysical properties of clouds.
– Design and adaptation of a prototype of a Fourier transform spectrometer for applications on-board of stratospheric balloons.

The Scientific Results:
1) The two-stream delta-Eddington approximation to simulate the far infrared Earth spectrum for the simultaneous atmospheric and cloud retrieval
2) Campagna di misura su pallone per Progetto HEMERA
3) Analysis of Water Vapor Absorption in the Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Regions Using Surface Radiometric Measurements From Extremely Dry Locations
4) Observations of the downwelling far-infrared atmospheric emission at the Zugspitze observatory
5) Comparison of mid-latitude single- and mixed-phase cloud optical depth from co-located infrared spectrometer and backscatter lidar measurements
6) Synergistic retrieval and complete data fusion methods applied to simulated FORUM and IASI-NG measurements
7) Sensitivity studies toward the retrieval of ice crystal habit distributions inside cirrus clouds from upwelling far infrared spectral radiance observations
8) FORUM Unique Far-Infrared Satellite Observations to Better Understand How Earth Radiates Energy to Space