CO2VOLC: Quantifying the global volcanic CO2 cycle
Funded by: European Commission – European Research Council (ERC) Calls: VII Programma Quadro
Start date: 2012-01-01 End date: 2017-12-31
Total Budget: EUR 1.720.999,00 INO share of the total budget: EUR 147.776,66
Scientific manager: Burton Mike and for INO is: D’Amato Francesco
Organization/Institution/Company main assignee: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)
other Organization/Institution/Company involved:
ENEA – AGENZIA NAZIONALE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE,L’ENERGIA E LO SVILUPPO ECONOMI
UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM
other INO’s people involved:
Abstract: Global climate change induced by anthropogenic emissions of CO2 is currently a major issue facing humanity, but uncertainties in the magnitude and rate of climate change remain, and deterministic predictions are beyond our capacity. In this context, the study of how the geochemical carbon cycle established a relatively narrow band of variability in atmospheric CO2 concentrations over the last 400 ka is of great interest. However, large uncertainties in both weathering and volcanic CO2 fluxes prevent a truly quantitative assessment of this critical cycle. Measuring the global volcanic CO2 flux, GVFCO2, would allow us to better understand the likely impact large eruptions have had in Earth’s history, and constrain the natural vs. anthropogenic CO2 flux.
We propose a truly innovative project to address head on the problem of determining GVFCO2. We will create new, compact instruments, utilising cutting-edge laser technologies, which will allow us to measure volcanic CO2, H2O, SO2 and HCl fluxes from aircraft. By flying below and through the volcanic plumes created by ~50 active volcanoes (~10% of all active volcanoes) of the Banda-Sunda arc in Indonesia, the majority of which have never been measured before, we will dramatically increase our understanding of GVFCO2 and geochemical cycles for all these species.
Measuring the volcanic emissions from an entire subduction arc is an unprecedented experiment, providing insight into the slab and mantle heterogeneity and volatile mass balance. Perhaps the most important breakthrough that we will pursue will be the determination of the 37Cl/35Cl ratio from HCl emitted from each volcano. This ratio reflects the mantle/slab source proportion, and allows the input rate of volatiles to the mantle to be measured.
The application of innovative new technology we propose here will produce ground-breaking insights into volcanology, isotope and gas geochemistry, volatile cycles, subduction and climate change.
INO’s Experiments/Theoretical Study correlated:
Gas analyzers for geological applications
STRATOCLIM – Stratospheric and upper tropospheric processes for better climate predictions
IMPRESS 2 – Innovative Metrology for Pollution Regulation of Emissions from Stacks and area Sources
The Scientific Results:
1) Multiparametric Experiment at Mt. Etna: Investigation on Both Degassing and Eruptive Dynamics
2) Hydrogen chloride 37Cl/35Cl isotopic ratio field analyzer for the investigation of volcanic plumes
3) Campagna di misura del Progetto CO2Volc: Etna – Stromboli
4) Multigas spectrometers for the analysis of volcanic emissions
5) Laser e spettroscopia per il monitoraggio dell’atmosfera e dei vulcani
6) Laser e spettroscopia per il monitoraggio dell’atmosfera e dei vulcani
7) Novel, lightweight, in-situ volcanic gas sensing instruments: first results
8) International Conference on “Field Laser Applications in Industry and Research, FLAIR 2016, Aix-les-Bains (F), 12-16/09/2016
9) Campagna di misura del Progetto CO2Volc, Indonesia, 16-29/09/2016
10) Novel, high sensitivity and high frequency instruments for in-situ measurements of volcanic gases
11) Novel, high sensitivity and high frequency instruments for in-situ measurements of volcanic gases
12) Campagna di misura del Progetto Co2Volc sull’Etna, 25-26/07/2017