Effects of ultrasonic waves on the heat transfer enhancement in subcooled boiling

Year: 2011

Authors: Bartoli C., Baffigi F.

Autors Affiliation: Department of Energetics L.Poggi, Largo Lucio Lazzarino 1, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

Abstract: This work represents an experimental basic research aimed to investigate the influence on the heat transfer rate of the ultrasounds, in free convection and in presence of liquid. In fact the ultrasonic waves induce, thanks to vibrations, turbulence on the dynamic field, and so an increase of the convection coefficient. The heater is a circular cylinder, immersed in distilled water, and warmed up by Joule effect. This study has carried on for 1. year at Energetics Department L. Poggi The effect was observed since 1960s: different authors had studied the cooling effect due to the ultrasonic waves at different heat transfer regimes, especially from a thin platinum wire to water. We have chosen to investigate the subcooled boiling regime, because this one is the best condition for the heat transfer enhancement, according to the scientific literature. We have carried out a wide experimental study, varying the different water subcooling degrees, the ultrasonic generator power, the ultrasound frequency and the placement of the heater inside the ultrasonic tank, in function of the range of the values of heat flux per unit surface needed dissipating. These values were supplied us by a possible practical application of the ultrasonic streaming: the cooling of 3D highly integrated electronic components. These packaging systems should have to provide all future devices, such as electronics, actuators, sensors and antenna. In fact, for these systems the thermal problem is a critical challenge, because they do not have to overtake critical temperature, after that they could damage irreversibly. Moreover, the traditional cooling systems used in electronic do not seem to be useful for them. On the contrary, the results obtained with ultrasounds, allow heat transfer coefficient enhancement of about 50% to be reached. The purpose is to find out the set of optimal conditions, in order to apply successively all the results to a real packaging system.


Volume: 35 (3)      Pages from: 423  to: 432

More Information: This work was supported by the NOVATEC S.r.l. and his owner, Mr. Nello Franco, located in San Martino di Lupari (PD), who had donated to us the ultrasonic generator.
KeyWords: Ultrasounds; Heat transfer enhancement; Free convection; Subcooled boiling
DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2010.11.002

Citations: 51
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