Scientific Results

SnO2 nanowires for optical and optoelectronic gas sensing

Year: 2009

Authors: Todros S., Baratto C., Comini E., Faglia G., Ferroni M., Sberveglieri G.

Autors Affiliation: Sensor Lab., CNR-INFM, University of Brescia, Via Valotti 9, 25133 Brescia, Italy

Abstract: Quasi-1D nanostructures of metal-oxide semiconductors have been extensively investigated for their novel physical properties and have found application in electronics, photonics and gas sensing. Among them, SnO2 is a typical n-type semiconductor with a wide band gap of 3.6 eV, showing a broad visible photoluminescence (PL) emission. Moreover, SnO2 nanowires irradiated with UV-visible radiation (near their band gap) show a great increase of conductance and photocurrent (PC) is generated, if a constant potential is applied. PL emission and PC generation are strongly dependent on surface states and can thus be tuned depending on the surrounding atmosphere. In this work, we compared the optical and optoelectronic properties of SnO2 nanowires synthesized via evaporation-condensation (EC) process. Photoluminescence emission and photocurrent flowing through biased SnO2 nanowires were studied in various gas atmospheres, targeting NO2 and ethanol sensing applications. ©2009 IEEE.

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KeyWords: 1D nanostructures; Band gaps; Constant Potential; Ethanol sensing; Evaporation-condensation; Gas atmosphere; Gas sensing; Metal oxide semiconductor; N-type semiconductors; Optoelectronic properties; Photoluminescence emission; PL emission; Surface state; UV-visible; Visible photoluminescence; Wide band gap, Chemical detection; Energy gap; Ethanol; Gas detectors; Gas sensing electrodes; Optical properties; Photoluminescence; Semiconductor quantum wells; Sensors, Nanowires
DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2009.5398383

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