Prethermalization to thermalization crossover in a dilute Bose gas following an interaction ramp
Authors: Van Regemortel M., Kurkjian H., Wouters M. I., Carusotto I.
Autors Affiliation: Univ Antwerp, TQC, Univ Splein 1, B-2610 Antwerp, Belgium; CNR, BEC Ctr, INO, Via Sommar 14, I-38123 Povo, Italy; Univ Trento, Dipartimento Fis, Via Sommar 14, I-38123 Povo, Italy.
Abstract: The dynamics of a weakly interacting Bose gas at low temperatures is close to integrable due to the approximate quadratic nature of the many-body Hamiltonian. While the short-time physics after an abrupt ramp of the interaction constant is dominated by integrable dynamics, integrability is broken at longer times by higher-order interaction terms in the Bogoliubov Hamiltonian, in particular, by Beliaev-Landau scatterings involving three quasiparticles. The two-stage relaxation process is highlighted in the evolution of local observables such as the density-density correlation function: an integrable dephasing mechanism leads the system to a prethermal stage, followed by true thermalization conveyed by quasiparticle collisions. Our results bring the crossover from prethermalization to thermalization within reach of current experiments with ultracold atomic gases.
Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Volume: 98 (5) Pages from: 053612-1 to: 053612-7
KeyWords: quantum; system; DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.98.053612Citations: 12data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-10-24References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here