Scientific Results

Finite-temperature quantum fluctuations in two-dimensional Fermi superfluids

Year: 2016

Authors: Salasnich L., Bighin G.

Autors Affiliation: Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei,” Universit`a di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova, Italy; Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze Fisiche della Materia (CNISM), Unit`a di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova, Italy

Abstract: In two-dimensional systems with a continuous symmetry, the Mermin-Wagner-Hohenberg theorem precludes spontaneous symmetry breaking and condensation at finite temperature. The Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless critical temperature marks the transition from a superfluid phase characterized by quasicondensation and algebraic long-range order, to a normal phase in which vortex proliferation completely destroys superfluidity. As opposed to conventional off-diagonal long-range order typical of three-dimensional superfluid systems, algebraic long-range order is driven by quantum and thermal fluctuations strongly enhanced in reduced dimensionality. Motivated by this unique scenario and by the very recent experimental realization of trapped quasi-two-dimensional fermionic clouds, we include one-loop Gaussian fluctuations in the theoretical description of resonant Fermi superfluids in two dimensions demonstrating that first sound, second sound, and also critical temperature are strongly renormalized, away from their mean-field values. In particular, we prove that in the intermediate- and strong-coupling regimes, these quantities are radically different when Gaussian fluctuations are taken into account. Our one-loop theory shows good agreement with very recent experimental data on the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless critical temperature [Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 010401 (2015)] and on the first sound velocity, giving predictions for the second sound as a function of interaction strength and temperature that are open for experimental verification.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW B

Volume: 93 (1)      Pages from: 014519-1  to: 014519-5

KeyWords: BCS-BEC crosover; quantized vortices;
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.014519

Citations: 18
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English