Graphite/diamond ethylene glycol-nanofluids for solar energy applications
Authors: Sani E., Papi N., Mercatelli L., Zyla G.
Autors Affiliation: CNR-INO National Institute of Optics, Largo E. Fermi, 6, I-50125, Firenze, Italy; Department of Physics and Medical Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35-905, Rzeszow, Poland
Abstract: The rapid development of thermodynamic solar systems requires increasingly efficient absorption materials. This work reports on the investigation of light-intensity dependent optical properties of graphite/nanodiamond suspensions in ethylene glycol, in the perspective to evaluate their potential for direct absorption solar collectors and solar vapor generation. The study was carried out two sample types, differing in the ash content (0.3% and 5.9% wt in the powder), and at three concentrations each (0.0025%, 0.0050%, 0.0100% wt in the fluid). A high sunlight extinction was found, with full absorption in 15mm and 30mm path lengths for the 0.0100% and 0.0050% wt concentrations, respectively. This makes
investigated nanofluids appealing as volumetric direct solar absorbers in solar collectors. Moreover, by characterizing optical properties at high incident intensities, we proved the creation of vapor bubbles in the base fluid via optical limiting effects active at least from ultraviolet to near infrared wavelengths. This result propose graphite/nanodiamond-based suspensions for sunlight-induced vapor generation application as well. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Journal/Review: RENEWABLE ENERGY
Volume: 126 Pages from: 692 to: 698
More Information: This research was carried out under the auspices of EU COST Action CA15119: Overcoming Barriers to Nanofluids Market Uptake ( NANOUPTAKE ). The Italian bank foundation “Fondazione Ente Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze” is gratefully acknowledged for supporting a part of this activity within the framework of the SOLE-NANO project (pratica n. 2015.0861). Thanks are due to Mr. M. DKeyWords: Carbon; Graphite; Nanodiamond; Nanofluids; Optical limiting; Optical properties; Solar energyDOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2018.03.078Citations: 40data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2023-09-17References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here