Scientific Results

Experimental observation of controllable kinetic constraints in a cold atomic gas.

Year: 2016

Authors: Valado MM., Simonelli C., Hoogerland MD., Lesanovsky I., Garrahan JP., Arimondo E., Ciampini D., Morsch O.

Autors Affiliation: Dipartimento di Fisica “E. Fermi”, Università di Pisa, Largo Bruno Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa, Italy
INO-CNR, Via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy
Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
CNISM UdR Dipartimento di Fisica “E. Fermi,” Università di Pisa, Largo Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa, Italy

Abstract: Many-body systems relaxing to equilibrium can exhibit complex dynamics even if their steady state is trivial.
In situations where relaxation requires highly constrained local particle rearrangements, such as in glassy systems, this dynamics can be difficult to analyze from first principles. The essential physical ingredients, however, can
be captured by idealized lattice models with so-called kinetic constraints. While so far constrained dynamics
has been considered mostly as an effective and idealized theoretical description of complex relaxation, here we
experimentally realize a many-body system exhibiting manifest kinetic constraints and measure its dynamical
properties. In the cold Rydberg gas used in our experiments, the nature of the kinetic constraints can be tailored through the detuning of the excitation lasers from resonance. The system undergoes a dynamics which is
characterized by pronounced spatial correlations or anticorrelations, depending on the detuning. Our results
confirm recent theoretical predictions, and highlight the analogy between the dynamics of interacting Rydberg
gases and that of certain soft-matter systems.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 93 (4)      Pages from: 040701-1  to: 040701-5

More Information: Seventh Framework Programme, FP7, FP/2007-2013. 640378. European Research Council, ERC. European Research Council, ERC, 335266. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, EPSRC, EP/M014266/1. – The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union
KeyWords: Rydberg blockade; Dynamics;
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.93.040701

Citations: 33
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