Hidden colours in stuccowork damaged by fire: A multi-analytical investigation for revealing the original decorative pattern
Authors: Sansonetti A., Striova J., Biondelli D., Aliatis I., Rampazzi L.
Autors Affiliation: Istituto Conservazione e Valorizzazione Beni Culturali – CNR, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Ottica – CNR, Via Nello Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Università di Parma, Dipartimento Fis & Sci Terra, Parco Area Sci 7-A, I-43124 Parma, Italy; Univ Insubria, Dipartimento Sci & Alta Tecnol, Via Valleggio 11, I-22100 Como, Italy
Abstract: The finishes applied on stuccoworks deserves in-depth analytical investigations. A complete chemical and morphological survey is very useful in reconstructing the artist’s technique, the history of the artworks through the sequence of the applied layers, and is needed as a basis for any conservation approach. Microscopic observations, both optical and electronic (SEM), and spectroscopic analyses (mu Raman, mu FTIR and EDS) of gilded and polychrome finishes on plaster relieves, were carried out on 17 samples from a celebrated neoclassical hall in the Royal Palace of Milan (Hall of Caryatids). The original decorative pattern had been damaged during a bomb-induced fire in the Second World War. Most of the surfaces have been fatally compromised and blackened by the effects of the fire. The survey presented here analysed the materials constituting the stucco surfaces and the damage induced by the fire. Green pigments were individuated and mapped, although no green surfaces were visible to the naked eye. It was therefore possible to reconstruct a decorative pattern painted in green, gold and white, similar to traditions of decoration in Austria and southern Germany. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
Journal/Review: JOURNAL OF CULTURAL HERITAGE
Volume: 22 Pages from: 1055 to: 1060
KeyWords: μ-Raman; Fire damage; μ-FTIR; Gilded plaster; Chrome greenDOI: 10.1016/j.culher.2015.11.002Citations: 5data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-10-24References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here