Scientific Results

Polarization modulation instability in a Manakov fiber system

Year: 2015

Authors: Frisquet B., Kibler B., Fatome J., Morin P., Baronio F., Conforti M., Millot G., Wabnitz S.

Autors Affiliation: Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne (ICB), UMR 6303 CNRS–Universitè de Bourgogne Franche-Comtè,
F-21078 Dijon, France;
INO CNR and Department of Information Engineering, Università di Brescia, Brescia, Italy;
Univ. Lille, CNRS, UMR 8523 – PhLAM – Physique des Lasers Atomes et Mol´ecules, F-59000 Lille, France

Abstract: The Manakov model is the simplest multicomponent model of nonlinear wave theory: It describes elementary stable soliton propagation and multisoliton solutions, and it applies to nonlinear optics, hydrodynamics, and Bose-Einstein condensates. It is also of fundamental interest as an asymptotic model in the context of the widely used wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber transmission systems. However, although its physical relevance was confirmed by the experimental observation of Manakov (vector) solitons in a planar waveguide in 1996, there have in fact been no quantitative experiments confirming its validity for nonlinear dynamics other than soliton formation. Here, we report experiments in optical fiber that provide evidence of passband and baseband polarization modulation instabilities in a defocusing Manakov system. In the spontaneous regime, we also reveal a unique saturation effect as the pump power increases. We anticipate that such observations may impact the application of this minimal model to describe and understand more complicated phenomena in nature, such as the formation of extreme waves in multicomponent systems. ©2015 American Physical Society.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 92 (5)      Pages from: 053854  to: 053854

More Information: The authors thank P. Tchofo Dinda for stimulating discussions. We gratefully acknowledge support from the French National Research Agency through Labex ACTION program (Contract No. ANR-11-LABX-0001-01), \”NoAWE\” project (Grant No. ANR-14-ACHN-0014-01) and \”OptiRoC\” project (Grant No. ANR-12-BS04-0011). We also acknowledge the financial support from the Italian Ministry of University and Research (MIUR, Project No. 2012BFNWZ2), the Conseil Regional de Bourgogne through the Photcom PARI grant, the iXCore Foundation, and the European Research Council under Grant Agreement No. 306633, ERC PETAL.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.053854

Citations: 27
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