Scientific Results

Sensitivity studies for third-generation gravitational wave observatories

Year: 2011

Authors: Hild S., Abernathy M., Acernese F., Amaro- Seoane P., Andersson N., Arun K., Barone F., Barr B., Barsuglia M., Beker M., Beveridge N., Birindelli S., Bose S., Bosi L., Braccini S., Bradaschia C., Bulik T., Calloni E., Cella G., Chassande-Mottin E., Chelkowski S., Chincarini A., Clark J., Coccia E., Colacino C. N., Colas J., Cumming A., Cunningham L., Cuoco E., Danilishin S. L., Danzmann K., DeSalvo R., Dent T., De Rosa R., Di Fiore L., Di Virgilio A., Doets M., Fafone V., Falferi P., Flaminio R., Franc J., Frasconi F., Freise A., Friedrich D., Fulda P., Gair J., Gemme G., Genin E., Gennai A., Giazotto A., Glampedakis K., Graff P. B., Granata M., Grote H., Guidi G., Gurkovsky A., Hammond G., Hannam M., Harms J., Heinert D., Hendry M., Heng I., Hennes E., Hough J., Husa S., Huttner S., Jones G., Khalili F., Kokeyama K., Kokkotas K., Krishnan B., Li T. G. F., Lorenzini M., Lück H., Majorana E., Mandel I., Mandic V., Mantovani M., Martin I., Michel C., Minenkov Y., Morgado N., Mosca S., Mours B., Müller-Ebhardt H., Murray P., Nawrodt R., Nelson J., Oshaughnessy R., Ott C. D., Palomba C., Paoli A., Parguez G., Pasqualetti A., Passaquieti R., Passuello D., Pinard L., Plastino W., Poggiani R., Popolizio P., Prato M., Punturo M., Puppo P., Rabeling D., Rapagnani P., Read J., Regimbau T., Rehbein H., Reid S., Ricci F., Richard F., Rocchi A., Rowan S., Rüdiger A., Santamaría L., Sassolas B., Sathyaprakash B. S., Schnabel R., Schwarz C., Seidel P., Sintes A., Somiya K., Speirits F., Strain K., Strigin S., Sutton P., Tarabrin S., Thüring A., van den Brand J., van Veggel M., van den Broeck C., Vecchio A., Veitch J., Vetrano F., Viceré A., Vyatchanin S., Willke B., Woan G., Yamamoto K.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Glasgow, Sch Phys & Astron, SUPA, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Milan, Italy; Univ Salerno, I-84084 Salerno, Italy; Albert Einstein Inst, Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany; CSIC IEEC, Inst Ciencies Espai, ES-08193 Barcelona, Spain; Univ Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England; Univ Paris 11, LAL, CNRS, IN2P3, F-91898 Orsay, France; Univ Paris 07, Observ Paris, F-75221 Paris 05, France; CNRS, F-75700 Paris, France; NIKHEF H, NL-1098 XG Amsterdam, Netherlands; Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observ Cote Azur, F-06304 Nice, France; Washington State Univ, Pullman, WA 99164 USA; INFN, Sez Perugia, I-6123 Perugia, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, Milan, Italy; Univ Warsaw, Astron Observ, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland; Univ Naples Federico II, I-80126 Naples, Italy; Univ Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Genova, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Cardiff Univ, Cardiff CF24 3AA, S Glam, Wales; INFN, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; EGO, I-56021 Cascina, Pi, Italy; Moscow MV Lomonosov State Univ, Moscow 119992, Russia; Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; Leibniz Univ Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; CALTECH, LIGO, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Vrije Univ Amsterdam, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands; INFN, Grp Collegato Trento, Sez Padova, I-38123 Povo, Trento, Italy; Fdn Bruno Kessler, CNR, Ist Foton & Nanotecnol, I-38123 Povo, Trento, Italy; CNRS, IN2P3, LMA, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France; Univ Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England; Univ Tubingen, D-72076 Tubingen, Germany; INFN, Sez Firenze, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Univ Urbino Carlo Boapos, I-61029 Urbino, Italy; Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena PF, D-07737 Jena, Germany; Univ Illes Balears, Dept Fis, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma 1, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Northwestern Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Evanston, IL 60208 USA; Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA; Univ Savoie, CNRS, LAPP, IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy Le Vieux, France; Penn State Univ, University Pk, PA 16802 USA; CALTECH, CaRT, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; INFN, Sez Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma Tre, Dipartimento Fis, I-00146 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Univ Mississippi, University, MS 38677 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy

Abstract: Advanced gravitational wave detectors, currently under construction, are expected to directly observe gravitational wave signals of astrophysical origin. The Einstein Telescope (ET), a third-generation gravitational wave detector, has been proposed in order to fully open up the emerging field of gravitational wave astronomy. In this paper we describe sensitivity models for ET and investigate potential limits imposed by fundamental noise sources. A special focus is set on evaluating the frequency band below 10 Hz where a complex mixture of seismic, gravity gradient, suspension thermal and radiation pressure noise dominates. We develop the most accurate sensitivity model, referred to as ET-D, for a third-generation detector so far, including the most relevant fundamental noise contributions.

Journal/Review: CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY

Volume: 28 (9)      Pages from: 094013  to: 094013

More Information: The ET-D sensitivity data are available at http://www.et-gw.eu/etsensitivities. The authors are grateful for support from their hosting institutions and national funding agencies. This work has been performed with the support of the European Commission under the Framework Programme 7 (FP7) Capacities, project Einstein Telescope (ET) design study (grant agreement 211743) (http://www.et-gw.eu/).
KeyWords: third-generation; gravitational waves; Virgo superattenuator; optical coatings; seismic noise
DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/28/9/094013

Citations: 178
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