Scientific Results

First low-latency LIGO plus Virgo search for binary inspirals and their electromagnetic counterparts

Year: 2012

Authors: Abadie J., Abbott B.P., Abbott R., Abbott T.D., Abernathy M., Accadia T., Acernese F., Adams C., Adhikari R., Affeldt C., Agathos M., Agatsuma K., Ajith P., Allen B., Amador Ceron E., Amariutei D., Anderson S.B., Anderson W.G., Arai K., Arain M.A., Araya M.C., Aston S.M., Astone P., Atkinson D., Aufmuth P., Aulbert C., Aylott B.E., Babak S., Baker P., Ballardin G., Ballmer S., Barayoga J.C B., Barker D., Barone F., Barr B., Barsotti L., Barsuglia M., Barton M.A., Bartos I., Bassiri R., Bastarrika M., Basti A., Batch J., Bauchrowitz J., Bauer Th. S., Bebronne M., Beck D., Behnke B., Bejger M., Beker M.G., Bell A.S., Belletoile A., Belopolski I., Benacquista M., Berliner J.M., Bertolini A., Betzwieser J., Beveridge N., Beyersdorf P.T., Bilenko I.A., Billingsley G., Birch J., Biswas R., Bitossi M., Bizouard M.A., Black E., Blackburn J.K., Blackburn L., Blair D., Bland B., Blom M., Bock O., Bodiya T.P., Bogan C., Bondarescu R., Bondu F., Bonelli L., Bonnand R., Bork R., Born M., Boschi V., Bose S., Bosi L., Bouhou B., Braccini S., Bradaschia C., Brady P.R., Braginsky V.B., Branchesi M.,. Brau J.E, Breyer J., Briant T., Bridges D.O., Brillet A., Brinkmann M., Brisson V., Britzger M., Brooks A.F., Brown D.A., Bulik T., Bulten H.J., Buonanno A., Burguet-Castell J., Buskulic D., Buy C., Byer R.L., Cadonati L., Cagnoli G., Calloni E., Camp J.B., Campsie P., Cannizzo J., Cannon K., Canuel B., Cao J., Capano C.D., Carbognani F., Carbone L., Caride S., Caudill S., Cavaglià M., Cavalier F., Cavalieri R., Cella G., Cepeda C., Cesarini E., Chaibi O., Chalermsongsak T., Charlton P., Chassande-Mottin E., Chelkowski S., Chen W., Chen X., Chen Y., Chincarini A., Chiummo A., Cho H.S., Chow J., Christensen N., Chua S.S.Y., Chung C.T.Y., Chung S., Ciani G., Clara F., Clark D.E., Clark J., Clayton J.H., Cleva F., Coccia E., Cohadon P.-F., Colacino C.N., Colas J., Colla A., Colombini M., Conte A., Conte R., Cook D., Corbitt T.R., Cordier M., Cornish N., Corsi A., Costa C.A., Coughlin M., Coulon J.-P., Couvares P., Coward D.M., Cowart M., Coyne D.C., Creighton J.D.E., Creighton T.D., Cruise A.M., Cumming A., Cunningham L., Cuoco E., Cutler R.M., Dahl K., Danilishin S.L., Dannenberg R., D’Antonio S., Danzmann K., Dattilo V., Daudert B., Daveloza H., Davier M., Daw E.J., Day R., Dayanga T., De Rosa R., DeBra D., Debreczeni G., Del Pozzo W., del Prete M., Dent T., Dergachev V., DeRosa R., DeSalvo R., Dhurandhar S., Di Fiore L., Di Lieto A., Di Palma I., Di Paolo Emilio M., Di Virgilio A., Díaz M., Dietz A., Donovan F., Dooley K.L., Drago M., Drever R.W.P., Driggers J.C., Du Z., Dumas J.-C., Dwyer S., Eberle T., Edgar M., Edwards M., Effler A., Ehrens P., Endrőczi G., Engel R., Etzel T., Evans K., Evans M., Evans T., Factourovich M., Fafone V., Fairhurst S., Fan Y., Farr B.F., Fazi D., Fehrmann H., Feldbaum D., Feroz F., Ferrante I., Fidecaro F., Finn L.S., Fiori I., Fisher R.P., Flaminio R., Flanigan M., Foley S., Forsi E., Forte L.A., Fotopoulos N., Fournier J.-D., Franc J., Frasca S., Frasconi F., Frede M., Frei M., Frei Z., Freise A., Frey R., Fricke T.T., Friedrich D., Fritschel P., Frolov V.V., Fujimoto M.-K., Fulda P.J., Fyffe M., Gair J., Galimberti M., Gammaitoni L., Garcia J., Garufi F., Gáspár M.E., Gemme G., Geng R., Genin E., Gennai A., Gergely L.Á., Ghosh S., Giaime J.A., Giampanis S., Giardina K.D., Giazotto A., Gil-Casanova S., Gill C., Gleason J., Goetz E., Goggin L.M., González G., Gorodetsky M.L., Goßler S., Gouaty R., Graef C., Graff P.B., Granata M., Grant A., Gras S., Gray C., Gray N., Greenhalgh R.J.S., Gretarsson A.M., Greverie C., Grosso R., Grote H., Grunewald S., Guidi G.M., Guido C., Gupta R., Gustafson E.K., Gustafson R., Ha T., Hallam J. M., Hammer D., Hammond G., Hanks J., Hanna C., Hanson J., Harms J., Harry G.M., Harry I.W., Harstad E.D., Hartman M.T., Haughian K., Hayama K., Hayau J.-F., Heefner J., Heidmann A., Heintze M. C., Heitmann H., Hello P.,. Hendry M.A, Heng I.S., Heptonstall A.W., Herrera V., Hewitson M., Hild S., Hoak D., Hodge K.A., Holt K., Holtrop M., Hong T., Hooper S., Hosken D.J., Hough J., Howell E.J., Hughey B., Husa S., Huttner S.H., Huynh-Dinh T., Ingram D.R., Inta R., Isogai T., Ivanov A., Izumi K., Jacobson M., James E., Jang Y.J., Jaranowski P., Jesse E., Johnson W.W., Jones D.I., Jones G., Jones R., Ju L., Kalmus P., Kalogera V., Kandhasamy S., Kang G., Kanner J.B., Kasturi R., Katsavounidis E., Katzman W., Kaufer H., Kawabe K., Kawamura S., Kawazoe F., Kelley D., Kells W., Keppel D.G., Keresztes Z., Khalaidovski A., Khalili F.Y., Khazanov E.A., Kim B.K., Kim C., Kim H., Kim K., Kim N., Kim Y.M., King P.J., Kinzel D.L., Kissel J.S., Klimenko S., Kokeyama K., Kondrashov V., Koranda S., Korth W.Z., Kowalska I., Kozak D., Kranz O., Kringel V., Krishnamurthy S., Krishnan B., Królak A., Kuehn G., Kumar R., Kwee P., Lam P.K., Landry M., Lantz B., Lastzka N., Lawrie C., Lazzarini A., Leaci P., Lee C.H., Lee H.K., Lee H.M., Leong J.R., Leonor I., Leroy N., Letendre N., Li J., Li T G.F., Liguori N., Lindquist P.E., Liu Y., Liu Z., Lockerbie N. A., Lodhia D., Lorenzini M., Loriette V., Lormand M., Losurdo G., Lough J., Luan J., Lubinski M., Lück H., Lundgren A.P., Macdonald E., Machenschalk B., MacInnis M., Macleod D.M., Mageswaran M., Mailand K., Majorana E., Maksimovic I., Man N., Mandel I., Mandic V., Mantovani M., Marandi A., Marchesoni F., Marion F., Márka S., Márka Z., Markosyan A., Maros E., Marque J., Martelli F., Martin I.W., Martin R.M., Marx J.N., Mason K., Masserot A., Matichard F., Matone L., Matzner R.A., Mavalvala N., Mazzolo G., McCarthy R., McClelland D.E., McGuire S.C., McIntyre G., McIver J., McKechan D.J.A., McWilliams S., Meadors G.D., Mehmet M., Meier T., Melatos A., Melissinos A.C., Mendell G., Mercer R.A., Meshkov S., Messenger C., Meyer M.S., Miao H., Michel C., Milano L., Miller J., Minenkov Y., Mitrofanov V.P., Mitselmakher G., Mittleman R., Miyakawa O., Moe B., Mohan M., Mohanty S.D., Mohapatra S.R.P., Moraru D., Moreno G., Morgado N., Morgia A., Mori T., Morriss S.R., Mosca S., Mossavi K., Mours B., Mow-Lowry C.M., Mueller C.L., Mueller G., Mukherjee S., Mullavey A., Müller-Ebhardt H., Munch J., Murphy D., Murray P.G., Mytidis A., Nash T., Naticchioni L., Necula V., Nelson J., Neri I., Newton G., Nguyen T., Nishizawa A., Nitz A., Nocera F., Nolting D., Normandin M.E., Nuttall L., Ochsner E., O’Dell J., Oelker E., Ogin G.H., Oh J.J., Oh S.H., O’Reilly B., O’Shaughnessy R., Osthelder C., Ott C.D., Ottaway D.J., Ottens R.S., Overmier H., Owen B.J., Page A., Pagliaroli G., Palladino L., Palomba C., Pan Y., Pankow C., Paoletti F., Papa M.A., Parisi M., Pasqualetti A., Passaquieti R., Passuello D., Patel P., Pedraza M., Peiris P., Pekowsky L., Penn S., Perreca A., Persichetti G., Phelps M., Pichot M., Pickenpack M., Piergiovanni F., Pietka M., Pinard L., Pinto I.M., Pitkin M., Pletsch H.J., Plissi M.V., Poggiani R., Pöld J., Postiglione F., Prato M., Predoi V., Prestegard T., Price L.R., Prijatelj M., Principe M., Privitera S., Prix R., Prodi G.A., Prokhorov L.G., Puncken O., Punturo M., Puppo P., Quetschke V., Quitzow-James R., Raab F.J., Rabeling D.S., Rácz I., Radkins H., Raffai P., Rakhmanov M., Rankins B., Rapagnani P., Raymond V., Re V., Redwine K., Reed C.M., Reed T., Regimbau T., Reid S., Reitze D.H., Ricci F., Riesen R., Riles K., Robertson N.A., Robinet F., Robinson C., Robinson E.L., Rocchi A., Roddy S., Rodriguez C., Rodruck M., Rolland L., Rollins J.G., Romano J.D., Romano R., Romie J. R., Rosińska D., Röver C., Rowan S., Rüdiger A., Ruggi P., Ryan K., Sainathan P., Salemi F., Sammut L., Sandberg V., Sannibale V., Santamaría L., Santiago-Prieto I., Santostasi G., Sassolas B., Sathyaprakash B. S., Sato S., Saulson P. R., Savage R. L., Schilling R., Schnabel R., Schofield R. M. S., Schreiber E., Schulz B., Schutz B. F., Schwinberg P., Scott J., Scott S. M., Seifert F., Sellers D., Sentenac D., Sergeev A., Shaddock D. A., Shaltev M., Shapiro B., Shawhan P., Shoemaker D. H., Sibley A., Siemens X., Sigg D., Singer A., Singer L., Sintes A. M., Skelton G. R., Slagmolen B. J. J., Slutsky J., Smith J. R., Smith M. R., Smith R. J. E., Smith-Lefebvre N. D., Somiya K., Sorazu B., Soto J., Speirits F. C., Sperandio L., Stefszky M., Stein A. J., Stein L. C., Steinert E., Steinlechner J., Steinlechner S., Steplewski S., Stochino A., Stone R., Strain K.A., Strigin S.E., Stroeer A.S., Sturani R., Stuver A.L., Summerscales T.Z., Sung M., Susmithan S., Sutton P.J., Swinkels B., Tacca M., Taffarello L., Talukder D., Tanner D.B., Tarabrin S.P., Taylor J.R., Taylor R., Thomas P., Thorne K.A., Thorne K.S., Thrane E., Thüring A., Tokmakov K.V., Tomlinson C., Toncelli A., Tonelli M., Torre O., Torres C., Torrie C.I., Tournefier E., Travasso F., Traylor G., Tseng K., Ugolini D., Vahlbruch H., Vajente G., van den Brand J.F.J., Van Den Broeck C., van der Putten S., van Vegge A.A., Vass S., Vasuth M., Vaulin R., Vavoulidis M., Vecchio A., Vedovato G., Veitch J., Veitch P.J., Veltkamp C., Verkindt D., Vetrano F., Viceré A., Villar A.E., Vinet J.-Y., Vitale S., Vocca H., Vorvick C., Vyatchanin S.P., Wade A., Wade L., Wade M., Waldman S.J., Wallace L., Wan Y., Wang M., Wang X., Wang Z., Wanner A., Ward R.L., Was M., Weinert M., Weinstein A.J., Weiss R., Wen L., Wessels P., West M., Westphal T., Wette K., Whelan J.T., Whitcomb S.E., White D.J., Whiting B.F., Wilkinson C., Willems P. A., Williams L., Williams R., Willke B., Winkelmann L., Winkler W., Wipf C.C., Wiseman A.G., Wittel H., Woan G., Wooley R., Worden J., Yakushin I., Yamamoto H., Yamamoto K., Yancey C. C., Yang H., Yeaton-Massey D., Yoshida S., Yu P., Yvert M., Zadrożny A., Zanolin M., Zendri J.-P., Zhang F., Zhang L., Zhang W., Zhao C., Zotov N., Zucker M. E., Zweizig J.

Autors Affiliation: CALTECH, LIGO, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Calif State Univ Fullerton, Fullerton, CA 92831 USA; Univ Glasgow, SUPA, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland; Univ Savoie, LAPP, CNRS, IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy Le Vieux, France; Complesso Univ Monte S Angelo, INFN, Sez Napoli, I-80126 Naples, Italy; Complesso Univ Monte S Angelo, Univ Naples Federico II, I-80126 Naples, Italy; Univ Salerno, I-84084 Salerno, Italy; Livingston Observ, LIGO, Livingston, LA 70754 USA; Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, Albert Einstein Inst, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; Leibniz Univ Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; Nikhef, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Vrije Univ Amsterdam, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands; Natl Astron Observ Japan, Tokyo 1818588, Japan; Univ Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201 USA; Univ Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA; Univ Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Hanford Observ, LIGO, Richland, WA 99352 USA; Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, Albert Einstein Inst, D-14476 Golm, Germany; Montana State Univ, Bozeman, MT 59717 USA; European Gravitat Observ, I-56021 Cascina, PI, Italy; Syracuse Univ, Syracuse, NY 13244 USA; MIT, LIGO, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA; Univ Paris Diderot, APC, CNRS IN2P3, CEA Irfu,Observ Paris, F-75205 Paris 13, France; Columbia Univ, New York, NY 10027 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy; Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA; IM PAN, PL-00956 Warsaw, Poland; Warsaw Univ, Astron Observ, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland; CAMK PAN, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland; Bialystok Univ, PL-15424 Bialystok, Poland; NCBJ, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland; Inst Astron, PL-65265 Zielona Gora, Poland; Univ Texas Brownsville & Texas Southmost Coll, Brownsville, TX 78520 USA; San Jose State Univ, San Jose, CA 95192 USA; Moscow MV Lomonosov State Univ, Moscow 119992, Russia; Univ Paris 11, LAL, IN2P3, CNRS, F-91898 Orsay, France; CNRS, ESPCI, F-75005 Paris, France; NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA; Univ Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia; Penn State Univ, University Pk, PA 16802 USA; Univ Nice, CNRS, Observ Cote Azur, F-06304 Nice, France; Univ Rennes 1, CNRS, Inst Phys Rennes, F-35042 Rennes, France; CNRS, IN2P3, LMA, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France; Washington State Univ, Pullman, WA 99164 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Univ Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Firenze, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Univ Urbino Carlo Bo, I-61029 Urbino, Italy; Univ Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 USA; Univ Paris 06, Lab Kastler Brossel, ENS, CNRS,UPMC, F-75005 Paris, France; Univ Maryland, College Pk, MD 20742 USA; Univ Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca 07122, Spain; Univ Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003 USA; Univ Toronto, Canadian Inst Theoret Astrophys, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada; Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China; Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA; Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA; Univ Mississippi, University, MS 38677 USA; Charles Sturt Univ, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia; CALTECH, CaRT, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Genova, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Pusan Natl Univ, Pusan 609735, South Korea; Australian Natl Univ, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia; Carleton Coll, Northfield, MN 55057 USA; Univ Melbourne, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia; Cardiff Univ, Cardiff CF24 3AA, Wales; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Univ Aquila, I-67100 Laquila, Italy; Univ Salerno, I-84084 Fisciano, Salerno, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, I-80125 Naples, Italy; Univ Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, S Yorkshire, England; RMKI, WIGNER RCP, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Grp Collegato Trento, I-38050 Trento, Italy; Univ Trent, I-38050 Trento, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy; Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy; Interuniv Ctr Astron & Astrophys, Pune 411007, Maharashtra, India; Northwestern Univ, Evanston, IL 60208 USA; Univ Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England; Univ Texas Austin, Austin, TX 78712 USA; Rochester Inst Technol, Rochester, NY 14623 USA; Eotvos Lorand Univ, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary; Univ Szeged, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary; HSIC, Rutherford Appleton Lab, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England; Embry Riddle Aeronaut Univ, Prescott, AZ 86301 USA; Natl Inst Math Sci, Taejon 305390, South Korea; Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, Toronto, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada; Univ New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 USA; Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia; Univ Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England; Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA; Korea Inst Sci & Technol Informat, Taejon 305806, South Korea; Hobart & William Smith Coll, Geneva, NY 14456 USA; Inst Appl Phys, Nizhnii Novgorod 603950, Russia; Lund Observ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden; Hanyang Univ, Seoul 133791, South Korea; Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151742, South Korea; Univ Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XQ, Lanark, Scotland; Southern Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA; A&M Coll, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA; Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA; Univ Sannio Benevento, I-82100 Benevento, Italy; Louisiana Tech Univ, Ruston, LA 71272 USA; McNeese State Univ, Lake Charles, LA 70609 USA; Andrews Univ, Berrien Springs, MI 49104 USA; Trinity Univ, San Antonio, TX 78212 USA; SE Louisiana Univ, Hammond, LA 70402 USA

Abstract: Aims. The detection and measurement of gravitational-waves from coalescing neutron-star binary systems is an important science goal for groundbased gravitational-wave detectors. In addition to emitting gravitational-waves at frequencies that span the most sensitive bands of the LIGO and Virgo detectors, these sources are also amongst the most likely to produce an electromagnetic counterpart to the gravitational-wave emission. A joint detection of the gravitational-wave and electromagnetic signals would provide a powerful new probe for astronomy. Methods. During the period between September 19 and October 20, 2010, the first low-latency search for gravitational-waves from binary inspirals in LIGO and Virgo data was conducted. The resulting triggers were sent to electromagnetic observatories for followup.We describe the generation and processing of the low-latency gravitational-wave triggers. The results of the electromagnetic image analysis will be described elsewhere.
Results. Over the course of the science run, three gravitational-wave triggers passed all of the low-latency selection cuts. Of these, one was
followed up by several of our observational partners. Analysis of the gravitational-wave data leads to an estimated false alarm rate of once every
6.4 days, falling far short of the requirement for a detection based solely on gravitational-wave data

Journal/Review: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS

Volume: 541      Pages from: A155  to: A155

More Information: The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector, and the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of gravitational-wave research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the International Science Linkages program of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, the Conselleria d\’Economia Hisenda i Innovacio of the Govern de les Illes Balears, the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish Science, the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Carnegie Trust, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
KeyWords: gravitational waves; Virgo; LIGO; gamma-ray bursts; compact binaries
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201218860

Citations: 57
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