Scientific Results

Upper limits on a stochastic gravitational-wave background using LIGO and Virgo interferometers at 600-1000 Hz

Year: 2012

Authors: Abadie J., Abbott B. P., Abbott R., Abbott T. D., Abernathy M., Accadia T., Acernese F., Adams C., Adhikari R., Affeldt C., Agathos M., Agatsuma K., Ajith P., Allen B., Amador Ceron E., Amariutei D., Anderson S. B., Anderson W. G., Arai K., Arain M.A., Araya M. C., Aston S. M., Astone P., Atkinson D., Aufmuth P., Aulbert C., Aylott B. E., Babak S., Baker P., Ballardin G., Ballmer S., Barayoga J. C. B., Barker D., Barone F., Barr B., Barsotti L., Barsuglia M., Barton M. A., Bartos I., Bassiri R., Bastarrika M., Basti A., Batch J., Bauchrowitz J., Bauer Th. S., Bebronne M., Beck D., Behnke B., Bejger M., M. G. Beker, Bell A. S., Belletoile A., Belopolski I., Benacquista M., Berliner J. M., Bertolini A., Betzwieser J., Beveridge N., Beyersdorf P. T., Bilenko I. A., Billingsley G., Birch J., Biswas R., Bitossi M., Bizouard M. A., Black E., Blackburn J. K., Blackburn L., Blair D., Bland B., Blom M., Bock O., Bodiya T. P., Bogan C., Bondarescu R., Bondu F., Bonelli L., Bonnand R., Bork R., M. Born, Boschi V., Bose S., Bosi L., Bouhou B., Braccini S., Bradaschia C., Brady P. R., Braginsky V. B., Branchesi M., Brau J. E., Breyer J., Briant T., Bridges D. O., Brillet A., Brinkmann M., Brisson V., Britzger M., Brooks A. F., Brown D. A., Bulik T., Bulten H. J., Buonanno A., Burguet-Castell J., Buskulic D., Buy C., Byer R. L., Cadonati L., Cagnoli G., Calloni E., Camp J. B., Campsie P., Cannizzo J., Cannon K., Canuel B., Cao J., Capano C. D., Carbognani F., Carbone L., Caride S., Caudill S., Cavaglia` M., Cavalier F., Cavalieri R., Cella G., Cepeda C., Cesarini E., Chaibi O., Chalermsongsak T., Charlton P., Chassande-Mottin E., Chelkowski S., Chen W., Chen X., Chen Y., Chincarini A., Chiummo A., Cho H. S., Chow J., Christensen N., Chua S. S.Y., Chung C. T.Y., Chung S., Ciani G., Clara F., Clark D. E., Clark J. A., Clayton J. H., Cleva F., Coccia E., Cohadon P.-F., Colacino C. N., Colas J., Colla A., Colombini M., Conte A., Conte R., Cook D., Corbitt T. R., Cordier M., Cornish N., Corsi A., Costa C. A., Coughlin M., Coulon J.-P., Couvares P., Coward D. M., Cowart M., Coyne D. C.,. Creighton J. D. E, CreightonT. D., Cruise A. M., Cumming A., Cunningham L., Cuoco E., Cutler R. M., Dahl K., Damjanic M., Danilishin L., Dannenberg R., D’Antonio S., Danzmann K., Dattilo V., Daudert B., Daveloza H., Davier M., Daw E. J., Day R., Dayanga T., De Rosa R., DeBra D., Debreczeni G., Del Pozzo W., Del Prete M., Dent T., Dergachev V., DeRosa R., DeSalvo R., Dhurandhar S., Di Fiore L., Di Lieto A., Di Palma I., Di Paolo Emilio M., Di Virgilio A., Dıaz M., Dietz A., Donovan F., Dooley K. L., Drago M., Drever R.W. P., Driggers J. C., Du Z., Dumas J.-C., Dwyer S., Eberle T., Edgar M., Edwards M., Effler A., Ehrens P., Endroczi G., Engel R., Etzel T., Evans K., Evans M., Evans T., Factourovich M., Fafone V., Fairhurst S., Fan Y., Farr B. F., Fazi D., Fehrmann H., Feldbaum D., Feroz F., Ferrante I., Fidecaro F., Finn L. S., Fiori I., Fisher R. P., Flaminio R., Flanigan M., Foley S., Forsi E., Forte L. A., Fotopoulos N., Fournier J.-D., Franc J., Frasca S., Frasconi F., Frede M., Frei M. A., Frei Z., Freise A., Frey R., Fricke T. T., Friedrich D., Fritschel P., Frolov V.V., Fujimoto M.-K., Fulda P. J., Fyffe M., Gair J., Galimberti M., Gammaitoni L., Garcia J., Garufi F., Gaspar M. E., Gemme G., Geng R., Genin E., Gennai A., Gergely L.A., Ghosh S., Giaime J. A., Giampanis S., Giardina K. D., Giazotto A., Gil-Casanova S., Gill C., Gleason J., Goetz E., Gogging L.M., Gonzalez G., Gorodetsky M. L., Goßler S., Gouaty R., Graef C., Graff P. B., Granata M., Grant A., Gras S., Gray C., Gray N., Greenhalgh, R.J.S., Gretarsson A. M., Greverie C., Grosso R., Grote H., Grunewald S., Guidi G. M., Guido C., Gupta R., Gustafson E. K., Gustafson R., Ha T., Hallam J. M., Hammer D., Hammond G., Hanks J., Hanna C., Hanson J., Harms J., Harry G. M., Harry I.W., Harstad E. D., Hartman M. T., Haughian K., Hayama K., Hayau J.-F., Heefner J., Heidmann A., Heintze M. C., Heitmann H., Hello P., Hendry M. A., Heng I. S., Heptonstall A.W., Herrera V., Hewitson M., Hild S., Hoak D., Hodge K. A., Holt K., Holtrop M., Hong T., Hooper S., Hosken D. J., Hough J., Howell E. J., Hughey B., Husa S., Huttner S. H., Huynh-Dinh T., Ingram D. R., Inta R., Isogai T., Ivanov A., Izumi K., Jacobson M., James E., Jang Y. J., Jaranowski P., Jesse E., Johnson W.W., Jones D. I., Jones G., Jones R., Ju L., Kalmus P., Kalogera V., Kandhasamy S., Kang G., Kanner J. B., Kasturi R., Katsavounidis E., Katzman W., Kaufer H., Kawabe K., Kawamura S., Kawazoe F., Kelley D., Kells W., Keppel D. G., Keresztes Z., Khalaidovski A., Khalili F.Y., Khazanov E. A., Kim B. K., Kim C., Kim H., Kim K., Kim N., Kim Y. M., King P. J., Kinzel D. L., Kissel J. S., Klimenko S., Kokeyama K., Kokeyama K., Kondrashov V., Koranda S., Korth W. Z., Kowalska I., Kozak D., Kranz O., Kringel V., Krishnamurthy S., Krishnan B., Krolak A., Kuehn G., Kumar R., Kwee P., Lam P. K., Landry M., Lantz B., Lastzka N., Lawrie C., Lazzarini A., Leaci P., Lee C. H., Lee H. K., Lee H. M., Leong J. R., Leonor I., Leroy N., Letendre N., Li J., Li T. G. F., Liguordi N., Lindquist P.E, Liu Y., Liu Z., Lockerbie N. A., Lodhia D., Lorenzini M., Loriette V., Lormand M., Losurdo G., Lough J., Luan J., Lubinski M., Luck H., Lundgren A. P., Macdonald E., Machenschalk B., MacInnis M., Macleod D. M., Mageswaran M., Mailand K., Majorana E., Maksimovic I., Man N., Mandel I., Mandic V., Mantovani M., Marandi A., Marchesoni F., Marion F., Marka S., Marka Z., Markosyan A., Maros E., Marque J., Martelli F., Martin I.W., Martin R. M., Marx J. N., Mason K., Masserot A., Matichard F., Matone L., Matzner R. A., Mavalvala N., Mazzolo G., McCarthy R., McClelland D. E., McGuire S. C., McIntyre G., McIver J., McKechan D.J.A., McWilliams S., Meadors G. D., Mehmet M., Meier T., Melatos A., Melissinos A. C., Mendell G., Mercer R. A., Meshkov S., Messenger C., Meyer M. S., Miao H., Michel C., Milano L., Miller J., Minenkov Y., Mitrofanov V. P., Mitselmakher G., Mittleman R., Miyakawa O., Moe B., Mohan M., Mohanty S.D., Mohapatra S. R. P., Moraru D., Moreno G., Morgado N., Morgia A., Mori T., Morriss S. R., Mosca S., Mossavi K., Mours B., Mow-Lowry C. M., Mueller C. L., G. Mueller, Mukherjee S., Mullavey A., Muller-Ebhardt H., Munch J., Murphy D., Murray P. G., Mytidis A., Nash T., Naticchioni L., Necula V., Nelson J., Neri I., Newton G., Nguyen T., Nishizawa A., Nitz A., Nocera F., Nolting D., Normandin M. E., Nuttall L., Ochsner E., O’Dell J., Oelker E., Ogin G. H., Oh J. J., Oh S. H., O’Reilly B., O’Shaughnessy R., Osthelder C., Ott C. D., Ottaway D. J., Ottens R. S., Overmier H., Owen B. J., Page A., Pagliaroli G., Palladino L., Palomba C., Pan Y., Pankow C., Paoletti F., Papa M. A., Parisi M., Pasqualetti A., Passaquieti R., Passuello D., Patel P., Pedraza M., Peiris P., Pekowsky L., Penn S., Perreca A., Persichetti G., Phelps M., Pichot M., Pickenpack M., Piergiovanni F., Pietka M., Pinard L., Pinto I. M., Pitkin M., Pletsch H. J., Plissi M.V., Poggiani R., Pold J., Postiglione F., Prato M., Predoi V., Prestegard T., Price L. R., Prijatelj M., Principe M., Privitera S., Prix R., Prodi G. A., Prokhorov L. G., Puncken O., Punturo M., Puppo P., Quetschke V., Quitzow-James R., Raab F. J., Rabeling D. S., Racz I., Radkins H., Raffai P., Rakhmanov M., Rankins B., Rapagnani P., Raymond V., Re V., Redwine K., Reed C. M., Reed T., Regimbau T., Reid S., Reitze D. H., Ricci F., Riesen R., Riles K., Robertson N. A., Robinet F., Robinson C., Robinson E. L., Rocchi A., Roddy S., Rodriguez C., Rodruck M., Rolland L., Rollins J. G., Romano J.D., Romano R., Romie J. H., Rosinska D., Rover C., Rowan S., Rudiger A., Ruggi P., Ryan K., Sainathan p., Salemi F., Sammut L., Sandberg V., Sannibale V., Santamarıa L., Santiago-Prieto I., Santostasi G., Sassolas B., Sathyaprakash B. S., Sato S., Saulson P. R., Savage R. L., Schilling R., Schnabel R., Schofield R. M. S., Schreiber E., Schulz B., Schutz B. F., Schwinberg P., Scott J., Scott S. M., Seifert F., Sellers D., Sentenac D., Sergeev A., Shaddock D. A., Shaltev M., Shapiro B., Shawhan P., Shoemaker D. H., Sibley A., Siemens X., Sigg D., Singer A., Singer L., Sintes A. M., Skelton G. R., Slagmolen B. J. J., Slutsky J., Smith J. R., Smith M. R., Smith R. J. E., Smith-Lefebvre N. D., Somiya K., Sorazu B., Soto J., Speirits F. C., Sperandio L., Stefszky M., Stein A.J., Stein L.C., Steinert E., Steinlechner J., Steinlechner S., Steplewski S., Stochino A., Stone R., Strain K. A., Strigin S. E., Stroeer A. S., Sturani R., Stuver A. L., Summerscales T. Z., Sung M., Susmithan S., Sutton P. J., Swinkels B., Tacca M., Taffarello L., Talukder D., Tanner D. B., Tarabrin S. P., Taylor R.J., Taylor R., Thomas P., Thorne K. A., Thorne K. S., Thrane E., Thuring A., Tokmakov K.V., Tomlinson C., Toncelli A., Tonelli M., Torre O., Torres C.V., Torrie C. I., Tournefier E., Travasso F., Traylor G., Tseng K., Ugolini D., Vahlbruch H., Vajente G., van den Brand J. F. J., Van Den Broeck C., van der Putten S., van Veggel A. A., Vass S., Vasuth M., Vaulin R., Vavoulidis M., Vecchio A., Vedovato G., Veitch J., Veitch P. J., Veltkamp C., Verkindt D., Vetrano F., Vicere´ A., Villar A. E., Vinet J.-Y., Vitale S., Vocca H., Vorvick C., Vyatchanin S.P., Wade A., Wade L., Wade M., Waldman S. J., Wallace L., Wan Y., Wang M., Wang X., Wang Z., Wanner A., Ward R. L., Was M., Weinert M., Weinstein A. J., Weiss R., Wen L., Wessels P., West M., Westphal T., Wette K., Whelan J. T., Whitcomb S. E., White D. J., Whiting B. F., Wilkinson C., Willems P. A., Williams L., Williams R., Willke B., Winkelmann L., Winkler W., Wipf C. C., Wiseman A. G., Wittel H., Woan G., Wooley R., Worden J., Yakushin I., Yamamoto H., Yamamoto K., Yancey C. C., Yang H., Yeaton-Massey D., Yoshida S., Yu P., Yvert M., Zadrozny A., Zanolin M., Zendri J.-P., Zhang F., Zhang L., Zhang W., Zhao C., Zotov N., Zucker M. E., Zweizig J.

Autors Affiliation: LIGO Calif Inst Technol, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Calif State Univ Fullerton, Fullerton, CA 92831 USA; Univ Glasgow, SUPA, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland; Univ Savoie, Lab Annecy Le Vieux Phys Particules LAPP, CNRS, IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy Le Vieux, France; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Napoli, Naples, Italy; Univ Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy; Univ Salerno, I-84084 Salerno, Italy; Complesso Univ Monte S Angelo, I-80126 Naples, Italy; LIGO Livingston Observ, Livingston, LA 70754 USA; Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, Albert Einstein Inst, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; Leibniz Univ Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; Nikhef, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Vrije Univ Amsterdam, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands; Natl Inst Nat Sci, Natl Astron Observ Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 1818588, Japan; Univ Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201 USA; Univ Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA; Univ Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome, Italy; LIGO Hanford Observ, Richland, WA 99352 USA; Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, Albert Einstein Inst, D-14476 Golm, Germany; Montana State Univ, Bozeman, MT 59717 USA; EGO, I-56021 Cascina, PI, Italy; Syracuse Univ, Syracuse, NY 13244 USA; LIGO Massachusetts Inst Technol, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA; Univ Paris Diderot, Lab AstroParticule & Cosmol APC, CNRS, IN2P3,CEA,DSM,IRFU,Observ Paris, F-75013 Paris, France; Columbia Univ, New York, NY 10027 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy; Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA; IM PAN, PL-00956 Warsaw, Poland; Warsaw Univ, Astron Observ, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland; CAMK PAN, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland; Bialystok Univ, PL-15424 Bialystok, Poland; IPJ, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland; Inst Astron, PL-65265 Zielona Gora, Poland; Univ Texas Brownsville & Texas Southmost Coll, Brownsville, TX 78520 USA; San Jose State Univ, San Jose, CA 95192 USA; Moscow MV Lomonosov State Univ, Moscow 119992, Russia; Univ Paris 11, LAL, IN2P3, CNRS, F-91898 Orsay, France; CNRS, ESPCI, F-75005 Paris, France; NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA; Univ Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia; Penn State Univ, University Pk, PA 16802 USA; Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observ Cote Azur, F-06304 Nice, France; Univ Rennes 1, Inst Phys Rennes, CNRS, F-35042 Rennes, France; Univ Lyon 1, CNRS, Lab Mat Avances LMA, IN2P3, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France; Washington State Univ, Pullman, WA 99164 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Univ Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Firenze, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Univ Urbino Carlo Bo, I-61029 Urbino, Italy; Univ Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 USA; Univ Paris 06, Lab Kastler Brossel, ENS, CNRS, F-75005 Paris, France; Univ Maryland, College Pk, MD 20742 USA; Univ Illes Balears, E-07122 Palma De Mallorca, Spain; Univ Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 USA; Univ Toronto, Canadian Inst Theoret Astrophys, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada; Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China; Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA; Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA; Univ Mississippi, University, MS 38677 USA; Charles Sturt Univ, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia; Caltech CaRT, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Genova, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Pusan Natl Univ, Pusan 609735, South Korea; Australian Natl Univ, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia; Carleton Coll, Northfield, MN 55057 USA; Univ Melbourne, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia; Cardiff Univ, Cardiff CF24 3AA, S Glam, Wales; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Univ Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Univ Aquila, I-67100 Laquila, Italy; Univ Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, S Yorkshire, England; RMKI, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Grp Collegato Trento, I-38050 Povo, Trento, Italy; Univ Trento, I-38050 Povo, Trento, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy; Univ Padua, I-35131 Padua, Italy; Inter Univ Ctr Astron & Astrophys, Pune 411007, Maharashtra, India; CALTECH, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Northwestern Univ, Evanston, IL 60208 USA; Univ Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England; Univ Texas Austin, Austin, TX 78712 USA; Rochester Inst Technol, Rochester, NY 14623 USA; Eotvos Lorand Univ, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary; Univ Szeged, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary; HSIC, Rutherford Appleton Lab, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England; Embry Riddle Aeronaut Univ, Prescott, AZ 86301 USA; Natl Inst Math Sci, Taejon 305390, South Korea; Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, Toronto, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada; Univ New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 USA; Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia; Univ Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England; Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA; Korea Inst Sci & Technol Informat, Taejon 305806, South Korea; Hobart & William Smith Coll, Geneva, NY 14456 USA; Inst Appl Phys, Nizhnii Novgorod 603950, Russia; Lund Observ, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden; Hanyang Univ, Seoul 133791, South Korea; Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151742, South Korea; Univ Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XQ, Lanark, Scotland; So Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA; A&M Coll, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA; Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA; Univ Sannio Benevento, I-82100 Benevento, Italy; Louisiana Tech Univ, Ruston, LA 71272 USA; McNeese State Univ, Lake Charles, LA 70609 USA; Andrews Univ, Berrien Springs, MI 49104 USA; Trinity Univ, San Antonio, TX 78212 USA; SE Louisiana Univ, Hammond, LA 70402 USA

Abstract: A stochastic background of gravitational waves is expected to arise from a superposition of many incoherent sources of gravitational waves, of either cosmological or astrophysical origin. This background is a target for the current generation of ground-based detectors. In this article we present the first joint search for a stochastic background using data from the LIGO and Virgo interferometers. In a frequency band of 600-1000 Hz, we obtained a 95% upper limit on the amplitude of Omega(GW)(f) = Omega(3)(f/900 Hz)(3), of Omega(3) < 0.32, assuming a value of the Hubble parameter of h(100) = 0.71. These new limits are a factor of seven better than the previous best in this frequency band. Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW D

Volume: 85 (12)      Pages from: 122001  to: 122001

More Information: The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector, and the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the International Science Linkages program of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, the Conselleria d\’Economia Hisenda i Innovacio of the Govern de les Illes Balears, the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish Science, the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Carnegie Trust, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. This is LIGO document LIGO-P1000128.
KeyWords: Gravitational waves; Virgo; LIGO; radiation; BBN
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.122001

Citations: 40
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