Scientific Results

Fixed-node diffusion Monte Carlo study of the BCS-BEC crossover in a bilayer system of fermionic dipoles

Year: 2014

Authors: Matveeva N., Giorgini S.

Autors Affiliation: Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento and CNR-INO BEC Center, I-38050 Povo, Trento, Italy

Abstract: We investigate the BCS-BEC crossover in a bilayer system of fermionic dipoles at zero temperature using the fixed-node diffusion Monte Carlo technique. The dipoles are confined on two parallel planes separated by a distance lambda and are aligned perpendicular to the planes by an external field. The interlayer pairing, which is responsible for the superfluid behavior of the system, crosses from a weak- to a strong-coupling regime by reducing the separation distance lambda. For a fixed in-plane density equal in the two layers, we calculate the ground-state energy, the chemical potential, the pairing gap, and the quasiparticle dispersion as a function of the interlayer separation. At large lambda one recovers the ground-state energy of a single layer of fermions, and at small lambda one recovers that of a single layer of composite bosons with twice the particle mass and the dipole moment. The superfluid gap varies from the exponentially small BCS result to half of the large two-body binding energy in the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) regime of strong interlayer pairing. Results are compared with the predictions of the simplest mean-field theory valid in the low-density limit, and deviations are observed both in the BCS regime, where in-plane repulsions are important, and in the BEC regime, where the mean-field approach fails to describe the physics of composite dipolar bosons.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 90 (5)      Pages from: 053620  to: 053620

KeyWords: ultracold gases
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.053620

Citations: 15
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