The HiPER project for inertial confinement fusion and some experimental results on advanced ignition schemes

Year: 2011

Authors: Batani D., Koenig M., Baton S., Perez F., Gizzi LA., Koester P., Labate L., Horubia J., Antonelli L., Morace A., Volpe L., Santos J., Schurtz G., Hulin S., Ribeyre X., Fourment C., Nicolai P., Vauzour B., Gremillet L., Nazarov W., Pasley J., Richetta M., Lancaster K., Spindloe Ch., Tolley M., Neely D., Kozlova M., Nejdl J., Rus B., Wolowski J., Badziak J., Dorchies F.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Bordeaux, CELIA, CNRS, CEA, F-33405 Talence, France; Ecole Polytech, LULI, Palaiseau, France; CNR, INO, Pisa, Italy; Univ Politecn Madrid, ETSIA, E-28040 Madrid, Spain; Univ Milano Bicocca, I-20126 Milan, Italy; DIF, DAM, CEA, F-91297 Arpajon, France; Univ St Andrews, Sch Chem, St Andrews KY16 9AJ, Fife, Scotland; Univ York, Dept Phys, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England; Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Dipartimento Ingn Meccan, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Rutherford Appleton Lab, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England; Acad Sci Czech Republic, PALS, Prague, Czech Republic; IPPLM, Warsaw, Poland

Abstract: This paper presents the goals and some of the results of experiments conducted within the Working Package 10 (Fusion Experimental Programme) of the HiPER Project. These experiments concern the study of the physics connected to ‘advanced ignition schemes’, i.e. the fast ignition and the shock ignition approaches to inertial fusion. Such schemes are aimed at achieving a higher gain, as compared with the classical approach which is used in NIF, as required for future reactors, and make fusion possible with smaller facilities. In particular, a series of experiments related to fast ignition were performed at the RAL(UK) and LULI (France) Laboratories and studied the propagation of fast electrons (created by a short-pulse ultra-high-intensity beam) in compressed matter, created either by cylindrical implosions or by compression of planar targets by (planar) laser-driven shock waves. A more recent experiment was performed at PALS and investigated the laser-plasma coupling in the 10(16) W cm(-2) intensity regime of interest for shock ignition.


Volume: 53 (12)      Pages from: 124041  to: 124041

KeyWords: laser; plasma physics; facility; fast igntion;
DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/53/12/124041

Citations: 16
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