Scientific Results

Studying ignition schemes on European laser facilities

Year: 2011

Authors: Jacquemot, S., Amiranoff F., Baton S. D., Chanteloup J. C., Labaune C., Koenig M., Michel D. T., Perez F., Schlenvoigt H. P., Canaud B., Clerouin C. Cherfils, Debras G., Depierreux S., Ebrardt J., Juraszek D., Lafitte S., Loiseau P., Miquel J. L., Philippe F., Rousseaux C., Blanchot N., Edwards C.B., Norreys P., Atzeni S., Schiavi A., Breil J., Feugeas J. L., Hallo L., Lafon M., Ribeyre X., Santos J. J., Schurtz G., Tikhonchuk V., Debayle A., Honrubia J. J., Temporal M., Batani D., Davies J. R., Fiuza F., Fonseca R. A., Silva L. O., Gizzi LA., Koester P., Labate L., Badziak J., Klimo O.

Autors Affiliation: [ 1 ] Ecole Polytech, CNRS, CEA, LULI,UPMC, F-91128 Palaiseau, France [ 2 ] CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon, France [ 3 ] CEA, CESTA, DAM, F-33114 Le Barp, France [ 4 ] STFC Rutherford Appleton Lab, Cent Laser Facil, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England [ 5 ] Univ Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento SBAI, I-00161 Rome, Italy [ 6 ] CNISM, I-00161 Rome, Italy [ 7 ] Univ Bordeaux 1, CEA, CNRS, CELIA, F-33405 Talence, France [ 8 ] Univ Politecn Madrid, ETSI Aeronaut, E-28040 Madrid, Spain [ 9 ] Univ Milano Bicocca, Dipartimento Fis G Occhialini, I-20126 Milan, Italy [ 10 ] CNISM, I-20126 Milan, Italy [ 11 ] Inst Super Tecn, GoLP Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, P-1049001 Lisbon, Portugal [ 12 ] CNR, Ist Nazl Ott, ILIL, UOS Adriano Gozzini, I-56124 Pisa, Italy [ 13 ] EURATOM, Inst Plasma Phys & Laser Microfus, PL-00908 Warsaw, Poland [ 14 ] Czech Tech Univ, Fac Nucl Sci & Phys Engn, CR-11519 Prague, Czech Republic

Abstract: Demonstrating ignition and net energy gain in the near future on MJ-class laser facilities will be a major step towards determining the feasibility of Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE), in Europe as in the United States. The current status of the French Laser MegaJoule (LMJ) programme, from the laser facility construction to the indirectly driven central ignition target design, is presented, as well as validating experimental campaigns, conducted, as part of this programme, on various laser facilities. However, the viability of the IFE approach strongly depends on our ability to address the salient questions related to efficiency of the target design and laser driver performances. In the overall framework of the European HiPER project, two alternative schemes both relying on decoupling target compression and fuel heating-fast ignition (FI) and shock ignition (SI)-are currently considered. After a brief presentation of the HiPER project’s objectives, FI and SI target designs are discussed. Theoretical analysis and 2D simulations will help to understand the unresolved key issues of the two schemes. Finally, the on-going European experimental effort to demonstrate their viability on currently operated laser facilities is described.

Journal/Review: NUCLEAR FUSION

Volume: 51 (9)      Pages from: 094025  to: 094025

More Information: The academic studies were partly funded through the EURATOM IFE keep-in-touch programme, the HiPER Preparatory Phase and the LASERLAB-Europe II transnational access programme. The main author (SJ) apologizes for a maybe partial authors\’s list due to the important number of collaborators involved in this IFE programme.
KeyWords: Laser MegaJoule; LMJ programme;
DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/51/9/094025

Citations: 6
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English