Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction

Year: 2013

Authors: Macchi A., Borghesi M., Passoni M.

Autors Affiliation: Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR/INO), U.O.S. “Adriano Gozzini,” Pisa, Italy, and Department of Physics “Enrico Fermi,” University of Pisa, Largo Bruno Pontecorvo 3, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; Centre for Plasma Physics, The Queen’s University of Belfast, BT7 1NN Belfast, United Kingdom and Institute of Physics of the ASCR, ELI-Beamlines Project, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague, Czech Republic; Dipartimento di Energia, Politecnico di Milano, Via Ponzio 34/3, I-20133 Milan, Italy

Abstract: Ion acceleration driven by superintense laser pulses is attracting an impressive and steadily increasing effort. Motivations can be found in the applicative potential and in the perspective to investigate novel regimes as available laser intensities will be increasing. Experiments have demonstrated, over a wide range of laser and target parameters, the generation of multi-MeV proton and ion beams with unique properties such as ultrashort duration, high brilliance, and low emittance. An overview is given of the state of the art of ion acceleration by laser pulses as well as an outlook on its future development and perspectives. The main features observed in the experiments, the observed scaling with laser and plasma parameters, and the main models used both to interpret experimental data and to suggest new research directions are described.


Volume: 85      Pages from: 751  to: 793

More Information: We acknowledge support of EPSRC, Grant No. EP/E035728/1 (LIBRA consortium), the Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic (Projects ECOP No. CZ.1.07/2.3.00/20.0279 and ELI- Beamlines No. CZ.1.05/1.1.00/02.0061), and from the Italian Ministry of University and Research via the FIRB project \”Superintense Laser-Driven Ion Sources.\”
DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.85.751

Citations: 1113
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