Ultrafast Coherent Nanoscopy

Year: 2013

Authors: Chen X.-W., Mohammadi A., Ghasemi A., Agio M.

Autors Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light and Department of Physics, Friedrich-Alexander University (FAU), Erlangen, Germany;
Department of Physics, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran; Department of Physics and Laser & Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran;
National Institute of Optics (INO-CNR), European Laboratory for Nonlinear Spectroscopy (LENS) and Quantum Science and Technology in ARcetri (QSTAR), Florence, Italy

Abstract: The dramatic advances of nanotechnology experienced in recent years enabled us to fabricate optical nanostructures or nano-antennas that greatly enhance the conversion of localised electromagnetic energy into radiation and vice versa. Nano-antennas offer the required improvements in terms of bandwidth, interaction strength and resolution for combining ultrafast spectroscopy, nano-optics and quantum optics to fundamentally push forward the possibility of the coherent optical access on individual nanostructures or even molecules above cryogenic temperatures, where dephasing processes typically occur at very short time scales. In this context, we discuss recent progress in the theoretical description of light-matter interaction at the nanoscale and related experimental findings. Moreover, we present concrete examples in support of our vision and propose a series of experiments that aim at exploring novel promising regimes of optical coherence and quantum optics in advanced spectroscopy. We envisage extensions to ultrafast and nonlinear phenomena, especially in the direction of multidimensional nanoscopy.


Volume: 111 (20)      Pages from: 3003  to: 3012

More Information: We acknowledge financial support from the Max Planck Society and the EU-STREP project ‘QIBEC’. MA and XWC would like to thank Vahid Sandoghdar for continuous support and encouragement, Enzo Di Fabrizio, Marco Finazzi and Paolo Foggi for helpful conversations and Alessio Cimarelli for help with some of the figures.
KeyWords: Coherent spectroscopies; Cryogenic temperatures; Interaction strength; Light-matter interactions; Nano antennas; Non-linear phenomena; Optical nanostructures; Ultra-fast spectroscopies, Antennas; Electromagnetic waves; Nanotechnology; Ultrafast phenomena; Quantum optics
DOI: 10.1080/00268976.2013.821537

Citations: 5
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