Direct evaporative cooling of K-39 atoms to Bose-Einstein condensation

Year: 2012

Authors: Landini M., Roy S., Roati G., Simoni A., Inguscio M., Modugno G., Fattori M.

Autors Affiliation: CNR Istituto Nazionele Ottica, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Firenze, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Institut de Physique de Rennes, UMR 6251, CNRS–Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France; INFN, Sezione di Firenze, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy

Abstract: We report the realization of a Bose-Einstein condensate of K-39 atoms without the aid of an additional atomic coolant. Our route to Bose-Einstein condensation comprises sub-Doppler laser cooling of large atomic clouds with more than 10(10) atoms and evaporative cooling in an optical dipole trap where the collisional cross section can be increased using magnetic Feshbach resonances. Large condensates with almost 10(6) atoms can be produced in less than 15 s. Our achievements eliminate the need for sympathetic cooling with Rb atoms, which was the usual route implemented until now due to the unfavorable collisional property of K-39. Our findings simplify the experimental setup for producing Bose-Einstein condensates of K-39 atoms with tunable interactions, which have a wide variety of promising applications, including atom interferometry to studies on the interplay of disorder and interactions in quantum gases.


Volume: 86 (3)      Pages from: 033421  to: 033421

More Information: We gratefully acknowledge contributions from L. Carcagni and J. Catani. We thank all our colleagues of the Quantum Degenerate Group at LENS for inspiring discussions. This work was supported by ERC (AISENS starting grant and DISQUA advanced grant), INFN (MICRA Collaboration), the EU (IPAQUTE, QIBEC), and CNR(EuroQUASAR program).
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.86.033421

Citations: 26
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