Simultaneous ultrasound and microwave new reactor: Detailed description and energetic considerations
Authors: Ragaini V., Pirola C., Borrelli S., Ferrari C., Longo I.
Autors Affiliation: Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica Fisica ed Elettrochimica, via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano, Italy;
Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e Industriale, via Venezian 21, 20133 Milano, Italy;
Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy
Abstract: A new reactor in which microwaves (MW), delivered by a coaxial dipole antenna, and ultrasound (US), delivered by a metallic horn, can be simultaneously used in a liquid to perform different types of processes, widely referenced in literature, is presented in detail. Calibrations of thermal energy delivered to two liquids having very different dipolar moments (i.e. water and cyclohexane) using MW and US, both separately and simultaneously, are performed by employing the traditional calorimetric method. The main results are: (i) MW and US used simultaneously increase the thermal energy delivered to the two liquids with respect to their separate use, but differently using water or cyclohexane, and (ii) the total power absorbed by polar or non polar liquids is very different, both using MW and US. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Journal/Review: ULTRASONICS SONOCHEMISTRY
Volume: 19 (4) Pages from: 872 to: 876
KeyWords: IRRADIATION; SONOCHEMISTRY; DOI: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2011.12.008Citations: 14data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2020-08-09References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here