Scientific Results

Mesenchymal stromal cells affect cardiomyocyte growth through juxtacrine Notch-1/Jagged-1 signaling and paracrine mechanisms: Clues for cardiac regeneration

Year: 2011

Authors: Sassoli C., Pini A., Mazzanti B., Quercioli F., Nistri S., Saccardi R., Orlandini SZ., Bani D., Formigli L.

Autors Affiliation: Dept. of Human Anatomy, Histology & Forensic Medicine, University of Florence, Viale G.B. Morgagni, 85, 50134 Florence, Italy;
Dept. of Haematology, Placental Blood Bank, Careggi Hospital, University of Florence, Viale G.B. Morgagni, 85, 50134 Florence, Italy;
National Institute of Optics, Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy

Abstract: The possibility to induce myocardial regeneration by the activation of resident cardiac stem cells (CSCs) has raised great interest. However, to propose endogenous CSCs as therapeutic options, a better understanding of the complex mechanisms controlling heart morphogenesis is needed, including the cellular and molecular interactions that cardiomyocyte precursors establish with cells of the stromal compartment. In the present study, we co-cultured immature cardiomyocytes from neonatal mouse hearts with mouse bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to investigate whether these cells could influence cardiomyocyte growth in vitro. We found that cardiomyocyte proliferation was enhanced by direct co-culture with MSCs compared with the single cultures. We also showed that the proliferative response of the neonatal cardiomyocytes involved the activation of Notch-1 receptor by its ligand Jagged-1 expressed by the adjacent MSCs. In fact, the cardiomyocytes in contact with MSCs revealed a stronger immunoreactivity for the activated Notch-intracellular domain (Notch-ICD) as compared with those cultured alone and this response was significantly attenuated when MSCs were silenced for Jagged-1. The presence of various cardiotropic cytokines and growth factors in the conditioned medium of MSCs underscored the contribution of paracrine mechanisms to Notch-1 up-regulation by the cardiomyocytes. In conclusions these findings unveil a previously unrecognized function of MSCs in regulating cardiomyocyte proliferation through Notch-1/Jagged-1 1 pathway and suggest that stromal-myocardial cell juxtacrine and paracrine interactions may contribute to the development of new and more efficient cell-based myocardial repair strategies. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Journal/Review: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR CARDIOLOGY

Volume: 51 (3)      Pages from: 399  to: 408

More Information: This work was supported by research grants from the University of Florence and the Italian Ministry of University and Research (MIUR-PRIN 2008).
KeyWords: Jagged1; Notch1 receptor, animal cell; article; bone marrow; cell contact; cell growth; cell proliferation; coculture; controlled study; heart cell culture; heart muscle cell; in vitro study; mesenchymal stromal cell; mouse; newborn; nonhuman; paracrine signaling; priority journal; protein expression; signal transduction; stroma cell; tissue regeneration; upregulation, Animals; Calcium-Binding Proteins; Cell Proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Coculture Techniques; Cytokines; Gene Expression Regulation; Heart; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Male; Membrane Proteins; Mesenchymal Stromal Cells; Mice; Myocytes, Cardiac; Paracrine Communication; Receptor, Notch1; Regeneration; Signal Transduction; Time-Lapse Imaging
DOI: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2011.06.004

Citations: 47
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