Scientific Results

Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium

Year: 2011

Authors: Gozzini S., Marmugi L., Lucchesini A., Gateva S., Cartaleva S., Nasyrov K.

Autors Affiliation: INO-CNR, UOS Pisa, Area della Ricerca, via G. Moruzzi 1, I-56124, Pisa, Italy; CNISM and Physics Department, University of Siena, via Roma 56, I-53100, Siena, Italy; Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tzarigradsko Chaussee, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria; Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. Akademika Koptyuga 1, Novosibirsk, RU-630090 Russia

Abstract: We present a detailed study of coherent population trapping (CPT) in the Hanle configuration in sodium atoms confined inside a glass cell and irradiated with a broadband multimode dye laser light resonant with the D-1 line. The presence of several modes spaced by tens of MHz is effective in inhibiting hyperfine optical pumping, thus reducing losses and allowing for efficient trapping. A narrow resonance, whose width is of the order of 1 mG, is observed superimposed on the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) resonance. Such a structure is more than two orders of magnitude narrower than the broader one, with significantly reduced power broadening. In order to describe this phenomenon, we developed a theoretical model, based on numerical solutions of density matrix equations, which takes into account the peculiarity of CPT induced by broadband multimode laser light. Results are shown to be in very good agreement with the experimental data. In this framework, the small width and the small amount of power broadening exhibited by this narrow spectral structure are related to the time spent by the atoms to re-enter the laser beam volume after collisions that preserve the orientation. This study offers insight into the mechanisms of atoms depolarization caused by collisions with the cell walls and represents a starting point for the development of techniques for the diagnostics of cell-coating parameters and new applications in metrology and magnetometry.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 84 (1)      Pages from: 013812  to: 013812

More Information: The work is partially supported by the Bulgarian NCSR (Grant No. DO02-108/22.05.2009) and Indian-Bulgarian (BIn-2/07) and Italian-Bulgarian (CNR/BAS) bilateral contracts.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.013812

Citations: 6
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