Origin of strong photon antibunching in weakly nonlinear photonic molecules

Year: 2011

Authors: Bamba M., Imamoglu A., Carusotto I., Ciuti C.

Autors Affiliation: Laboratoire Materiaux et Phenomenes Quantiques, Universite Paris Diderot-Paris 7 et CNRS, Batiment Condorcet, 10 rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13, France; Institute of Quantum Electronics, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zuurich, Switzerland; INO-CNR BEC Center and Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento, I-38123 Povo, Italy

Abstract: In a recent work [Liew and Savona, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 183601 (2010)] it was numerically shown that a resonantly driven photonic \”molecule\” consisting of two coupled cavities can exhibit strong photon antibunching with a surprisingly weak Kerr nonlinearity. Here, we analytically identify the subtle quantum interference effect that is responsible for the predicted efficient photon blockade effect. We then extend the theory to the experimentally relevant Jaynes-Cummings system consisting of a single quantum emitter in a coupled-cavity structure and predict the strong antibunching even for single-atom cooperativity on the order of or smaller than unity. The potential of this quantum interference effect in the realization of strongly correlated photonic systems with only weak material nonlinearities is assessed by comparing on-site and inter-site correlations in a ring of three coupled photonic molecules.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 83 (2)      Pages from: 021802  to: 021802

More Information: C.C. acknowledges support from ANR (projects QPOL and SENOQI) and from the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF).
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.021802

Citations: 246
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