Stability diagram and growth rate of parametric resonances in Bose-Einstein condensates in one-dimensional optical lattices

Year: 2005

Authors: Tozzo C., Kraemer M., Dalfovo F.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Trent, BEC, Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-38050 Povo, Italy; Univ Trent, Dipartimento Fis, I-38050 Povo, Italy; Natl Inst Stand & Technol, Boulder, CO 80309 USA; Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA

Abstract: A Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical lattice exhibits parametric resonances when the intensity of the lattice is periodically modulated in time. These resonances correspond to an exponential growth of the population of counter-propagating Bogoliubov excitations. A suitable linearization of the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation is used to calculate the stability diagram and the growth rates of the unstable modes. The results agree with the ones extracted from time-dependent GP simulations, supporting our previous claim [M. Kramer , Phys. Rev. A 71, 061602(R) (2005)] concerning the key role of parametric resonances in the response observed by Stoferle [Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 130403 (2004)] in the superfluid regime. The role of the seed excitations required to trigger the parametric amplification is discussed. The possible amplification of the quantum fluctuations present in the quasiparticle vacuum, beyond GP theory, is also addressed, finding interesting analogies with similar processes in nonlinear quantum optics and with the dynamic Casimir effect. Our results can be used in exploiting parametric instabilities for the purpose of spectroscopy, selective amplification of a particular excitation mode and for establishing a new type of thermometry.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 72 (2)      Pages from: 023613-1  to: 023613-12

KeyWords: Ultracold gases
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.72.023613

Citations: 53
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