Spectroscopic and shadowgraphic analysis of laser induced plasmas in the orthogonal double pulse pre-ablation configuration

Year: 2006

Authors: Cristoforetti G., Legnaioli S., Pardini L., Palleschi V., Salvetti A., Tognoni E.

Autors Affiliation: Applied Laser Spectroscopy Laboratory, Institute for Chemical–Physical Processes Research Area of National Research Council, Via G. Moruzzi, 1-56124 Pisa, Italy

Abstract: This work focuses on the study of the plumes obtained in the double pulse orthogonal Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) in the pre-ablation configuration using both spectroscopic and shadowgraphic approaches. Single and double pulse LIBS experiments were carried out on a brass sample in air. Both the distance of the air plasma from the target surface and the interpulse delay were varied (respectively in the range 0.1-4.2 min and up to 50 mu s) revealing a significant variation of the plasma emission and of the plume-shock wave dynamical expansion in different cases. The intensity of both atomic and ionized zinc lines was measured in all the cases, allowing the calculation of the spatially averaged temperature and electron density and an estimation of the ablated mass. The line intensities and the thermodynamic parameters obtained by the spectroscopic measurements were discussed bearing in mind the dynamical expansion characteristics obtained from the shadowgraphic approach. All the data seem to be consistent with the model previously proposed for the double pulse collinear configuration where the line enhancement is mainly attributed to the ambient gas rarefaction produced by the first laser pulse, which causes a less effective shielding of the second laser pulse. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Volume: 61 (3)      Pages from: 340  to: 350

KeyWords: Double pulse; Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy; Shadowgraphy; Shock wave
DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2006.03.004

Citations: 82
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