Proton imaging detection of transient electromagnetic fields in laser-plasma interactions (invited)

Year: 2003

Authors: Borghesi M., Schiavi A., Campbell D.H., Haines MG., Willi O., Mackinnon A.J., Patel P., Galimberti M., Gizzi LA.

Autors Affiliation: Queens Univ Belfast, Dept Pure & Appl Phys, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim North Ireland;
Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Blackett Lab, London, England;
Univ Dusseldorf, Inst Laser & Plasmaphys, D-4000 Dusseldorf, Germany;
Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, Livermore, CA USA;
CNR, Ist Proc Chim Fis, I-56100 Pisa, Italy

Abstract: Due to their particular properties (small source size, low divergence, short duration, large number density), the beams of multi-MeV protons generated during the interaction of ultraintense (I > 10(19) W/cm(2)) short pulses with thin solid targets are most suited for use as a particle probe in laser-plasma experiments. In particular, the proton beams are a valuable diagnostic tool for the detection, of electromagnetic fields. The recently developed proton imaging technique employs the beams, in a point-projection imaging scheme, as an easily synchronizable diagnostic tool in laser-plasma interactions, fields, with high temporal and spatial resolution. The broad energy spectrum of the beams coupled with an appropriate choice of detector (multiple layers of dosimetric film) allows temporal multiframe capability. By allowing, for the first time, diagnostic access to electric-field distributions in dense plasmas, this novel diagnostic opens up to investigation a whole new range of unexplored phenomena. Results obtained in experiments performed at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory are discussed here. In particular, the article presents the measurement of highly transient electric fields related to the generation and dynamics of hot electron currents following ultraintense. laser irradiation of targets. The experimental capabilities of the technique and the analysis procedure required are well exemplified by the data presented. (C) 2003 American Institute of Physics.

Journal/Review: REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS

Volume: 74 (3) part 2      Pages from: 1688  to: 1693

KeyWords: laser-solid interactions; high-intensity laser; ion acceleration; magnetic fields; targets
DOI: 10.1063/1.1534390

Citations: 80
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