Multispectral imaging of paintings: Instrument and applications

Year: 2007

Authors: Bonifazzi C., Carcagnì P., Della Patria A., Fontana R., Greco M., Mastroianni M., Materazzi M., Pampaloni E., Pezzati L., Romano A.

Autors Affiliation: Departement of Biomedical Science, University of Ferrara, via Fossato di Mortara, 44100 Ferrara, Italy;
CNR – Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Sez. di Lecce, via Barsanti, 73010 Arnesano (LE) Italy;
CNR – Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Largo E. Fermi 6, 50125 Firenze, Italy

Abstract: In this paper we present a scanning device for multispectral imaging of paintings in the 380-800 nm spectral region; the system is based on a spectrophotometer for contact-less single-point measurements of the spectral reflectance with 10 nm resolution. Two orthogonal XY translation stages allow to scan up to 1,5 m2 with spatial resolution up to 8 dots/mm. As an application we present the results of the measurements carried out on Ritratto Trivulzio by Antonello da Messina and Madonna in gloria tra Santi by Andrea Mantegna. Besides spectra comparison also multivariate image analyses (MIA) have been performed by considering the multi-spectral images as three-way data set. In order to point out the slight spectral differences of two areas of a painting we analyzed its multispectral data cube by means of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and the K-Nearest-Neighbouring Cluster Analysis (KNN).


Volume: 6618      Pages from: 661816-1  to: 661816-12

KeyWords: multi-spectral imaging; scanning device; imaging analysis; Principal Component Analysis (PCA);
DOI: 10.1117/12.726113

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