Full-length TDP-43 and its C-terminal domain form filamentsin vitrohaving non-amyloid properties

Year: 2021

Authors: Capitini C., Fani G., Vega Vivoli M., Penco A., Canale C., Cabrita L.D., Calamai M., Christodoulou J., Relini A., Chiti F.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Florence, Dept Expt & Clin Biomed Sci, Sect Biochem, Florence, Italy; European Lab Nonlinear Spect, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Univ Genoa, Dept Phys, Genoa, Italy; UCL, Inst Struct & Mol Biol, London, England; Birkbeck Coll London, London, England; CNR, Natl Inst Opt, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy

Abstract: Accumulation of ubiquitin-positive, tau- and alpha-synuclein-negative intracellular inclusions of TDP-43 in the central nervous system represents the major hallmark correlated to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive inclusions (FTLD-U). Such inclusions have variably been described as amorphous aggregates or more structured deposits having amyloid properties. Here we have purified full-length TDP-43 (FL TDP-43) and its C-terminal domain (Ct TDP-43) to investigate the morphological, structural and tinctorial features of aggregates formedin vitroby them at pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C. AFM images indicate that both protein variants show a tendency to form filaments. Moreover, we show that both FL TDP-43 and Ct TDP-43 filaments possess a largely disordered secondary structure, as ascertained by far-UV circular dichroism and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, do not bind Congo red and induce a very weak increase of thioflavin T fluorescence, indicating the absence of a clear amyloid-like signature.

Journal/Review: AMYLOID-JOURNAL OF PROTEIN FOLDING DISORDERS

Volume: 28 (1)      Pages from: 56  to: 65

More Information: This work was supported by a full grant from the Fondazione Italiana di Ricerca per la Sclerosi Laterale Amiotrofica (AriSLA, project TDP-43-STRUCT), by a grant from Universita di Firenze – Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze (Project TDP43SLA), by the Motor Neuron Disease Association (Grants 6273 & 882-792), Wellcome Trust (206409/Z/17/Z), by the European Union´s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (654148, Laserlab-Europe), and by University of Genoa (FRA 2018).
KeyWords: Motor neuron diseaseTDP-43 fibrilsTDP-43 filamentsprotein misfoldingprotein aggregation
DOI: 10.1080/13506129.2020.1826425

Citations: 5
data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2023-09-17
References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)
Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click here
Connecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here