MAP moving horizon estimation for threshold measurements with application to field monitoring

Year: 2020

Authors: Battistelli G., Chisci L., Forti N., Gherardini S.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Firenze, Dipartimento Ingn Informaz DINFO, Via S Marta 3, I-50139 Florence, Italy; Ctr Maritime Res & Expt STO CMRE, Res Dept, NATO Sci & Technol Org, La Spezia, Italy; Univ Firenze, Dipartimento Fis & Astron, Florence, Italy; Univ Firenze, LENS, Florence, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Ist Fis Nucl, Florence, Italy

Abstract: This paper deals with state estimation of a spatially distributed system given noisy measurements from pointwise-in-time-and-space threshold sensors spread over the spatial domain of interest. Amaximum a posteriori probability(MAP) approach is undertaken and amoving horizon(MH) approximation of the MAP cost function is adopted. It is proved that, under system linearity and log-concavity of the noise probability density functions, the proposed MH-MAP state estimator amounts to the solution, at each sampling interval, of a convex optimization problem. Moreover, a suitable centralized solution for large-scale systems is proposed with a substantial decrease of the computational complexity. The latter algorithm is shown to be feasible for the state estimation of spatially dependent dynamic fields described bypartial differential equationsvia the use of thefinite elementspatial discretization method. A simulation case study concerning estimation of a diffusion field is presented in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Quite remarkably, the numerical tests exhibit anoise-assistedbehavior of the proposed approach in that the estimation accuracy results optimal in the presence of measurement noise with non-null variance.

Journal/Review: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADAPTIVE CONTROL AND SIGNAL PROCESSING

Volume: 34 (6)      Pages from: 796  to: 811

KeyWords: dynamic field estimation, moving horizon estimation, spatially distributed systems, state estimation, threshold measurements
DOI: 10.1002/acs.3049

Citations: 6
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