Noise sensing via stochastic quantum Zeno

Year: 2020

Authors: Muller M.M.; Gherardini S.; Dalla Pozza N.; Caruso F.

Autors Affiliation: Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Quantum Control PGI 8, D-52425 Julich, Germany; Univ Florence, Dept Phys & Astron, Florence, Italy; Univ Florence, European Lab Nonlinear Spect Lens, Florence, Italy

Abstract: The dynamics of any quantum system is unavoidably influenced by the external environment. Thus, the observation of a quantum system (probe) can allow the measure of the environmental features. Here, to spectrally resolve a noise field coupled to the quantum probe, we employ dissipative manipulations of the probe, leading to so-called Stochastic Quantum Zeno (SQZ) phenomena. A quantum system coupled to a stochastic noise field and subject to a sequence of protective Zeno measurements slowly decays from its initial state with a survival probability that depends both on the measurement frequency and the noise. We present a robust sensing method to reconstruct the unknown noise power spectral density by evaluating the survival probability that we obtain when we additionally apply a set of coherent control pulses to the probe. The joint effect of coherent control, protective measurements and noise field on the decay provides us the desired information on the noise field.


Volume: 384 (13)      Pages from: 126244  to:

More Information: The authors gratefully acknowledge useful discussions with Francesco S. Cataliotti. S.G., N.D.P., and F.C. were financially supported from the Fondazione CR Firenze through the project QBIOSCAN, PATHOS EU H2020 FET-OPEN grant no. 828946, and UNIFI grant Q-CODYCES. M.M. acknowledges funding from the EC H2020 grant no. 820394 (ASTERIQS).
KeyWords: Open quantum systems, Quantum noise sensing, Stochastic quantum Zeno effect
DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2020.126244