Observations of the downwelling far-infrared atmospheric emission at the Zugspitze observatory
Authors: Palchetti L., Barucci M., Belotti C., Bianchini G., Cluzet B., D’Amato F., Del Bianco S., Di Natale G., Gai M., Khordakova D., Montori A., Oetjen H., Rettinger M., Rolf C., Schuettemeyer D., Sussmann R., Viciani S., Vogelmann H., Wienhold F.G.
Autors Affiliation: National Institute of Optics – CNR-INO, Florence, Italy
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, IMK-IFU, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Forschungszentrum Jülich, IEK-7, Jülich, Germany
Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Université de Toulouse, Météo-France, CNRS,
CNRM, Centre d’Études de la Neige, Grenoble, France
Institute of Applied Physics – CNR-IFAC, Florence, Italy
Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands
Abstract: Measurements of the spectrum of the atmospheric emission in the far-infrared (FIR) range, between 100 and 667 cm-1 (100–15 μm) are scarce because of the detection complexity and of the strong absorption of air at ground level preventing the sounding of the FIR from low altitude. Consequently, FIR measurements need to be made from high-altitude sites or on board airborne platforms or satellites. This paper describes the dataset of FIR spectral radiances of the atmosphere and snow surface emission measured in the 100–1000 cm-1 range by the Far-Infrared Radiation Mobile Observation System (FIRMOS) instrument during a 2-month campaign carried out from the ground at about 3000m of altitude on the top of Mt. Zugspitze in the German Alps in 2018–2019. This campaign is part of the preparatory activity of a new space FIR mission, named Far-infrared Outgoing Radiation Understanding and Monitoring (FORUM), which is under development by the European Space Agency (ESA). The dataset acquired during the campaign also includes all the additional measurements needed to provide a full characterisation of the observed atmospheric state and the local atmospheric and surface conditions. It includes co-located spectral measurements in the infrared range from 400 to 1800 cm-1; lidar backscatter profiles; radio soundings of temperature, humidity and aerosol backscatter profiles; local weather parameters; and snow/ice microphysical properties. These measurements provide a unique dataset that can be used to perform radiative closure experiments to improve modelling parameters in the FIR that are not wellcharacterised, such as water vapour spectroscopy, scattering properties of cirrus clouds, and the FIR emissivity of the surface covered by snow. The consolidated dataset is freely available via the ESA campaign dataset website at https://doi.org/10.5270/ESA-38034ee (Palchetti et al., 2020a).
Journal/Review: EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE DATA
Volume: 13 Pages from: 4303 to: 4312