Efficient bright γ-ray vortex emission from a laser-illuminated light-fan-in-channel target
Authors: Zhang, H.; Zhao, J.; Hu, YT.; Li, QN.; Lu, Y.; Cao, Y.; Zou, DB.; Sheng, ZM.; Pegoraro F.; McKenna, P.; Shao, FQ.; Yu, TP.
Autors Affiliation: 1 Department of Physics, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China;
2 SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, UK
3 Collaborative Innovation Center of IFSA (CICIFSA), Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (MoE) and School of Physics andAstronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
4 Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai 200240, China
5 Department of Physics Enrico Fermi, University of Pisa, and CNR/INO, Pisa 56122, Italy.
Abstract: X/gamma-rays have many potential applications in laboratory astrophysics and particle physics. Although several methods have been proposed for generating electron, positron, and X/gamma-photon beams with angular momentum (AM), the generation of ultra-intense brilliant gamma-rays is still challenging. Here, we present an all-optical scheme to generate a high-energy gamma-photon beam with large beam angular momentum (BAM), small divergence, and high brilliance. In the first stage, a circularly polarized laser pulse with intensity of 10(22 )W/cm(2) irradiates a micro-channel target, drags out electrons from the channel wall, and accelerates them to high energies via the longitudinal electric fields. During the process, the laser transfers its spin angular momentum (SAM) to the electrons’ orbital angular momentum (OAM). In the second stage, the drive pulse is reflected by the attached fan-foil and a vortex laser pulse is thus formed. In the third stage, the energetic electrons collide head-on with the reflected vortex pulse and transfer their AM to the gamma-photons via nonlinear Compton scattering. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations show that the peak brilliance of the gamma-ray beam is similar to 10(22) photons.s(-1).mm(-2).mrad(-2) per 0.1% bandwidth at 1 MeV with a peak instantaneous power of 25 TW and averaged BAM of 10(6) h/photon. The AM conversion efficiency from laser to the gamma-photons is unprecedentedly 0.67%.
Journal/Review: HIGH POWER LASER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Volume: 9 Pages from: e43-1 to: e43-11