Quantum fluctuations beyond the Gutzwiller approximation in the Bose-Hubbard model

Year: 2020

Authors: Caleffi F., Capone M., Menotti C., Carusotto I., Recati A.

Autors Affiliation: International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), I-34136 Trieste, Italy; INO-CNR BEC Center and Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento, 38123 Povo, Italy; CNR-IOM Democritos, I-34136 Trieste, Italy; Trento Institute for Fundamental Physics and Applications, INFN, 38123, Trento, Italy

Abstract: We develop a quantum many-body theory of the Bose-Hubbard model based on the canonical quantization of the action derived from a Gutzwiller mean-field ansatz. Our theory is a systematic generalization of the Bogoliubov theory of weakly interacting gases. The control parameter of the theory, defined as the zero point fluctuations on top of the Gutzwiller mean-field state, remains small in all regimes. The approach provides accurate results throughout the whole phase diagram, from the weakly to the strongly interacting superfluid and into the Mott insulating phase. As specific examples of application, we study the two-point correlation functions, the superfluid stiffness, and the density fluctuations, for which quantitative agreement with available quantum Monte Carlo data is found. In particular, the two different universality classes of the superfluid-insulator quantum phase transition at integer and noninteger filling are recovered.


Volume: 2 (3)      Pages from: 033276-1  to: 033276-11

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.033276

Citations: 5
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