Spin-Orbit Coupling for Photons and Polaritons in Microstructures

Year: 2015

Authors: Sala V. G., Solnyshkov DD., Carusotto I., Jacqmin T., Lemaitre A., Tercas H., Nalitov A., Abbarchi M., Galopin E., Sagnes I., Bloch J., Malpuech G., Amo A.

Autors Affiliation: CNRS, LPN, F-91460 Marcoussis, France;‎ Univ Paris 06, Ecole Normale Super, Lab Kastler Brossel, F-75252 Paris 05, France;‎ CNRS, F-75252 Paris 05, France; Clermont Univ, Inst Pascal, Photon N2, F-63177 Aubiere, France; Univ Blaise Pascal, CNRS, F-63177 Aubiere, France;‎ Univ Trent, INO CNR BEC Ctr, I-38123 Povo, Italy; Univ Trent, Dipartimento Fis, I-38123 Povo, Italy;‎ Univ Paris Diderot, Univ Paris 06, Ecole Normale Super, Lab Pierre Aigrain,CNRS UMR 8551, F-75005 Paris, France

Abstract: We use coupled micropillars etched out of a semiconductor microcavity to engineer a spin-orbit Hamiltonian for photons and polaritons in a microstructure. The coupling between the spin and orbital momentum arises from the polarization-dependent confinement and tunneling of photons between adjacent micropillars arranged in the form of a hexagonal photonic molecule. It results in polariton eigenstates with distinct polarization patterns, which are revealed in photoluminescence experiments in the regime of polariton condensation. Thanks to the strong polariton nonlinearities, our system provides a photonic workbench for the quantum simulation of the interplay between interactions and spin-orbit effects, particularly when extended to two-dimensional lattices.


Volume: 5 (1)      Pages from: 011034-1  to: 011034-9

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.5.011034

Citations: 182
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