Micro-Raman analysis of glisterings in intraocular lenses
Authors: Rusciano G., Martinez A., Pesce G., Zito G., Sasso A.
Autors Affiliation: Univ Naples Federico II, Compl Univ MS Angelo, Dept Phys E Pancini, Via Cinthia, I-80126 Naples, Italy; CNR, Natl Inst Opt INO, C Comprensorio Olivetti Via Campi Flegrei 34, I-80078 Pozzuoli, NA, Italy
Abstract: The phenomenon of inclusions or microvacuoles in intraocular lenses (IOL), often referred to glistenings due to their appearance when visualized in slit-lamp exams, is main cause of decreased visual in people after IOL implantation. For this reason, there is a huge request by the market of new polymers able to reduce, or even eliminate, the formation of such microvacuoles. In such frame, the use of advanced optical techniques, able to provide a deeper insight on the glistering formation, is strongly required. In particular, Raman spectroscopy (RS) is ideally suited for the analysis of polymers, due to its well-know sensitivity to highly polarizable chemical groups, commonly found in the polymer chains backbones. Moreover, the combination of RS with optical microscopy (Raman micro-spectroscopy) paves the way for real, information-rich chemical mapping of polymeric materials (Raman imaging). In this paper, we analyze the formation of microvacuoles in IOLs following a thermal treatment. In particular, we performed a chemical mapping of a single microvacuole, which allowed us to infer on its effective chemical composition. In order to investigate on the reversibility of glistenings formation, this analysis was repeated as function of time after thermal treatment, in different IOL environments. It turns out that this phenomenon is partially reversible, with an almost complete disappearance of microvacuoles in a dry environment.
KeyWords: Intra Ocular lenses; IOLs; Glistenings; Raman spectroscopy