Scientific Results

Vortices and antivortices in two-dimensional ultracold Fermi gases

Year: 2017

Authors: Bighin G., Salasnich L.

Autors Affiliation: IST Austria, Campus 1, A-3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria; Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Galileo Galilei, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy; Univ Padua, CNISM, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy; CNR, Ist Nazl Ott, Via Nello Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy

Abstract: Vortices are commonly observed in the context of classical hydrodynamics: from whirlpools after stirring the coffee in a cup to a violent atmospheric phenomenon such as a tornado, all classical vortices are characterized by an arbitrary circulation value of the local velocity field. On the other hand the appearance of vortices with quantized circulation represents one of the fundamental signatures of macroscopic quantum phenomena. In two-dimensional superfluids quantized vortices play a key role in determining finite-temperature properties, as the superfluid phase and the normal state are separated by a vortex unbinding transition, the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition. Very recent experiments with two-dimensional superfluid fermions motivate the present work: we present theoretical results based on the renormalization group showing that the universal jump of the superfluid density and the critical temperature crucially depend on the interaction strength, providing a strong benchmark for forthcoming investigations.

Journal/Review: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

Volume: 7      Pages from: 45702-1  to: 45702-7

KeyWords: STRONG-COUPLING SUPERCONDUCTIVITY; LONG-RANGE ORDER; SUPERFLUID-HELIUM; 2 DIMENSIONS; XY-MODEL; SYSTEMS; FLUCTUATIONS; CROSSOVER
DOI: 10.1038/srep45702

Citations: 6
data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-10-24
References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)
Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click here
Connecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here

gdpr-image
This site uses cookies. If you decide to continue browsing we consider that you accept their use. For more information about cookies and how to delete them please read our Info Policy on cookies use.
Read more