Scientific Results

Diffused Vorticity and Moment of Inertia of a Spin-Orbit Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensate

Year: 2017

Authors: Stringari S.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Trento, INO CNR BEC Ctr, Via Sommar 14, I-38123 Trento, Italy; Univ Trento, Dept Phys, Via Sommar 14, I-38123 Trento, Italy

Abstract: By developing the hydrodynamic theory of spinor superfluids, we calculate the moment of inertia of a harmonically trapped Bose-Einstein condensate with spin-orbit coupling. We show that the velocity field associated with the rotation of the fluid exhibits diffused vorticity, in contrast to the irrotational behavior characterizing a superfluid. Both Raman-induced and Rashba spin-orbit couplings are considered. In the first case the moment of inertia takes the rigid value at the transition between the plane wave and the single minimum phase, while in the latter case the rigid value is achieved in the limit of isotropic Rashba coupling. A procedure to generate the rigid rotation of the fluid and to measure the moment of inertia is proposed. The quenching of the quantum of circulation h/m, caused by Raman-induced spin-orbit coupling in a toroidal geometry, is also discussed.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS

Volume: 118 (14)      Pages from: 145302-1  to: 145302-5

KeyWords: SUPERFLUIDITY
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.145302

Citations: 20
data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-10-24
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