Experimental Investigation of Quantum Decay at Short, Intermediate, and Long Times via Integrated Photonics
Authors: Crespi A., Pepe FV., Facchi P., Sciarrino F., Mataloni P., Nakazato H., Pascazio S., Osellame R.
Autors Affiliation: Politecn Milan, Dipartimento Fis, I-120133 Milan, Italy; CNR, Ist Foton & Nanotecnol, I-120133 Milan, Italy; INFN, Sez Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy; Univ Bari, Dipartimento Fis, I-170126 Bari, Italy; Univ Bari, MECENAS, I-170126 Bari, Italy; Sapienza Univ Roma, Dipartimento Fis, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Waseda Univ, Dept Phys, Tokyo 1698555, Japan; CNR, INO, I-50125 Florence, Italy
Abstract: The decay of an unstable system is usually described by an exponential law. Quantum mechanics predicts strong deviations of the survival probability from the exponential: Indeed, the decay is initially quadratic, while at very large times it follows a power law, with superimposed oscillations. The latter regime is particularly elusive and difficult to observe. Here we employ arrays of single-mode optical waveguides, fabricated by femtosecond laser direct inscription, to implement quantum systems where a discrete state is coupled and can decay into a continuum. The optical modes correspond to distinct quantum states of the photon, and the temporal evolution of the quantum system is mapped into the spatial propagation coordinate. By injecting coherent light states in the fabricated photonic structures and by measuring a small scattered fraction of such light with an unprecedented dynamic range, we are able to experimentally observe not only the exponential decay regime, but also the quadratic Zeno region and the power-law decay at long evolution times.
Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
Volume: 122 (13) Pages from: 130401-1 to: 130401-6
KeyWords: ZENO; LAWDOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.130401Citations: 12data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-10-10References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here