Double-actuator position-feedback mechanism for adjustable sensitivity in electrostatic-capacitive MEMS force sensors
Authors: Nastro A., Ferrari M., Ferrari V.
Autors Affiliation: Univ Brescia, Dept Informat Engn, Brescia, Italy; CNR INO Natl Res Council, Natl Inst Opt, Brescia, Italy
Abstract: This paper presents a novel double-actuator position-feedback mechanism for micro electro-mechanical electrostatic-capacitive force sensors. Compared to a single-actuator position-feedback operation, the innovative use of two independent electrostatic actuators allows to obtain electrically adjustable force sensitivity and measurement range independently from the working position and the stiffness of the internal mechanical movable structure of the device. Additionally, the proposed configuration allows to electrically set and keep fixed the working position of the force probe tip thanks to the position-feedback loop, thus ideally offering an infinite input mechanical impedance, irrespectively from the force measurement range and sensitivity adjusted to the desired values. The proposed mechanism has been experimentally validated on an electrostatic-capacitive MEMS device that includes a capacitive position sensor and a pair of electrostatic actuators, employing the gravity force to provide accurate and repeatable values for the external applied force. The obtained experimental results are in good agreement with both theoretical predictions and parametric numerical analyses. The proposed mechanism allows to adjust the sensitivity in the range from 2.34 up to 8.43 V/mu N with a corresponding force measurement range, defined at a maximum nonlinearity error of 1% referred to the full scale, from [-217, 226] down to [-20.5, 21.4] nN, respectively. The measurement repeatability, which sets the resolution of the MEMS force sensor, has been estimated at one standard deviation o – resulting in 345 pN. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Journal/Review: SENSORS AND ACTUATORS A-PHYSICAL
Volume: 312 Pages from: 112127-1 to: 112127-10
KeyWords: Force sensor; Double-actuator position-feedback mechanism; Adjustable sensitivity; Electrostatic-capacitive MEMSDOI: 10.1016/j.sna.2020.112127Citations: 7data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2022-01-16References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here