Photonic materials in circuit quantum electrodynamics
Authors: Carusotto I., Houck AA., Kollar AJ., Roushan P., Schuster DI., Simon J.
Autors Affiliation: Univ Trento, INO CNR BEC Ctr, Trento, Italy; Univ Trento, Dipartimento Fis, Trento, Italy; Princeton Univ, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA; Univ Maryland, College Pk, MD 20742 USA; Joint Quantum Inst, College Pk, MD USA; Google Inc, Santa Barbara, CA USA; Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA; Univ Chicago, James Franck Inst, 5640 S Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
Abstract: Photonic synthetic materials provide an opportunity to explore the role of microscopic quantum phenomena in determining macroscopic material properties. There are, however, fundamental obstacles to overcome – in vacuum, photons not only lack mass, but also do not naturally interact with one another. Here, we review how the superconducting quantum circuit platform has been harnessed in the last decade to make some of the first materials from light. We describe the structures that are used to imbue individual microwave photons with matter-like properties such as mass, the nonlinear elements that mediate interactions between these photons, and quantum dynamic/thermodynamic approaches that can be used to assemble and stabilize strongly correlated states of many photons. We then describe state-of-the-art techniques to generate synthetic magnetic fields, engineer topological and non-topological flat bands and explore the physics of quantum materials in non-Euclidean geometries – directions that we view as some of the most exciting for this burgeoning field. Finally, we discuss upcoming prospects, and in particular opportunities to probe novel aspects of quantum thermalization and detect quasi-particles with exotic anyonic statistics, as well as potential applications in quantum information science. This Review Article surveys the physics of many-body quantum states formed by microwave photons in circuit quantum electrodynamics environments.
Journal/Review: NATURE PHYSICS
Volume: 16 (3) Pages from: 268 to: 279
KeyWords: BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATION; INTERACTING PHOTONS; SUPERCONDUCTING QUBITS; PHASE-TRANSITIONS; BELLS-INEQUALITY; NONLINEAR OPTICS; MOTT INSULATOR; SINGLE-PHOTON; SIMULATION; LATTICESDOI: 10.1038/s41567-020-0815-yCitations: 34data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-10-17References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here