Wall Mosaics: A Review of On-Site Non-Invasive Methods, Application Challenges and New Frontiers for Their Study and Preservation

Year: 2020

Authors: Chaban A., Deiana R., Tornari V.

Autors Affiliation: Italian Natl Res Council, Natl Inst Opt, I-50125 Florence, Italy;‎ Univ Padua, Dept Cultural Heritage, Piazza Capitaniato 7, I-35139 Padua, Italy; Fdn Res & Technol Hellas, Inst Elect Struct & Laser, N Plastira 100, Voutes ]‎ 70013, Crete, Greece

Abstract: This review concerns the challenges and perspectives of on-site non-invasive measurements applied to wall mosaics. Wall mosaics, during the centuries, decorated numerous buildings, nowadays being part of world cultural heritage. The preservation and maintenance of these valuable decorations are undoubtedly directly dependent on identifying possible problems that could affect their hidden structure. On-site non-invasive methods, using different contact or no-contact technologies, can offer support in this specific field of application. The choice of the appropriate technique or combination of different techniques depends, in general, on the depth of investigation, the resolution, the possibility to have direct contact with the surfaces or, on the contrary, limited accessibility of the wall mosaics due to their location (e.g., vaults), as well as deterioration problems, (e.g., voids, detachments, or humidity effects). This review paper provides a brief overview of selected recent studies regarding non-invasive methods applied to the analysis of wall mosaics. This review, discussing the assessment of advantages and limitations for each method here considered, also considers possible future developments of imaging techniques in this specific context for cultural heritage applications.


Volume: 6 (10)      Pages from: 108-1  to: 108-18

More Information: The bibliographic study was performed within the Ph.D. program, supported by the University of Padova in the form of a Ph.D. studentship.
KeyWords: non-invasive; non-contact; wall mosaics; cultural heritage; diagnostics
DOI: 10.3390/jimaging6100108

Citations: 7
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