WSe2 nanosheets synthesized by a solvothermal process as advanced nanofluids for thermal solar energy
Authors: Martínez-Merino P., Sani E., Mercatelli L., Alcántara R., Navas J.
Autors Affiliation: Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Cádiz, E-11510 Puerto Real (Cádiz), Spain; CNR-INO National Institute of Optics, Largo E. Fermi, 6, I-50125 Firenze, Italy
Abstract: Nanofluids are colloidal systems based on the suspension of nanoparticlesin afluid. Their thermal properties mean that they are promising heat transferfluids withpossible applications in different fields, concentrating solar energy being one of particular interest. Thus, this study presents the preparation of nanofluids based on WSe2 nanoparticles suspended in the eutectic mixture of biphenyl and diphenyl oxide, whichis a heat transfer fluid widely used in concentrating solar power plants. To this end,solvothermal synthesis was used to prepare WSe2 nanosheets, which were characterizedby means of scanning transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-rayphotoelectron spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The physical and chemical stability of the nanofluids was analyzed, observing that they became more stable when Triton X-100 was used as the surfactant. Thepresence of WSe2 nanosheets did not result in a significant increase in density or viscosity, but, by contrast, improvements were obtained in their isobaric specific heat and thermal conductivity, up to 4.7 and 64%, respectively. Spectral optical properties were investigated as well, showing a significant effect of the WSe2nanosheet addition to the extinction coefficient of the base fluid in the wavelength range of the solar spectrum, promising for direct absorption solar collectors. Finally, the efficiency of the nanofluids was analyzed in a solar collector considering the Ur parameter, obtaining a remarkable increase in the efficiency of up to 34% with respect to the pure heat transfer fluid. This proves the possibility to obtain a sustainable production of energy from the sun using these WSe2-based nanofluids.
Journal/Review: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING
Volume: 8 (3) Pages from: 1627 to: 1636