The mixing-demixing phase diagram of ultracold heteronuclear mixtures in a ring trimer

Year: 2019

Authors: Richaud A., Zenesini A., Penna V.

Autors Affiliation: Politecn Torino, Dept Appl Sci & Technol, I-10129 Turin, Italy; Politecn Torino, Udr CNISM, I-10129 Turin, Italy; Leibniz Univ Hannover, Inst Quantenopt, D-30167 Hannover, Germany

Abstract: We derive the complete mixing-demixing phase-diagram relevant to a bosonic binary mixture confined in a ring trimer and modeled within the Bose-Hubbard picture. The mixing properties of the two quantum fluids, which are shown to be strongly affected by the fragmented character of the confining potential, are evaluated by means of a specific indicator imported from Statistical Thermodynamics and are shown to depend only on two effective parameters incorporating the asymmetry between the heteronuclear species. To closely match realistic experimental conditions, our study is extended also beyond the pointlike approximation of potential wells by describing the systems in terms of two coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations. The resulting mean-field analysis confirms the rich scenario of mixing-demixing transitions of the mixture and also constitutes an effective springboard towards a viable experimental realization. We additionally propose an experimental realization based on a realistic optical-tweezers system and on the bosonic mixture Na-23 + K-39, thanks to the large tuna bility of their intra- and inter-species scattering lengths.


Volume: 9      Pages from: 6908-1  to: 6908-13

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-43365-6