Scientific Results

LASER DRIVEN NUCLEAR PHYSICS AT ELI-NP

Year: 2016

Authors: Gizzi LA., Negoita, F.; Roth, M.; Thirolf, P.G.; Tudisco, S.; Hannachi, F.; Moustaizis, S.; Pomerantz, I.; Mckenna, P.; Fuchs, J.; Sphor, K.; Acbas, G.; Anzalone, A.; Audebert, P.; Balascuta, S.; Cappuzzello, F.; Cernaianu, M.O.; Chen, S.; Dancus, I.; Freeman, R.; Geissel, H.; Ghenuche, P.; Gobet, F.; Gosselin, G.; Gugiu, M.; Higginson, D.; D’Humieres, E.; Ivan, C.; Jaroszynski, D.; Kar, S.; Lamia, L.; Leca, V.; Neagu, L.; Lanzalone, G.; Meot, V.; Mirfayzi, S.R.; Mitu, I.O.; Morel, P.; Murphy, C.; Petcu, C.; Petrascu, H.; Petrone, C.; Raczka, P.; Risca, M.; Rotaru, F.; Santos, J.J.; Schumacher, D.; Stutman, D.; Tarisien, M.; Tataru, M.; Tatulea, B.; Turcu, I.C.E.; Versteegen, M.; Usescu, D.; Gales, S.; Zamfir, N.V.

Autors Affiliation: ELI-NP, “Horia Hulubei” Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 30 Reactorului Street, RO-077125 Bucharest – Magurele, Romania.
Institut fur Kernphysik, Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Schloßgartenstrasse 9, D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany.
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, D-85748 Garching, Germany.
INFN – Laboratori Nazionali del Sud – Via S. Sofia 2, 95123 Catania, Italy.
Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, Universite Bordeaux1, CNRS – IN2P3, Route du
solarium, 33175 Gradignan, France.
Technical University of Crete, Chania, Crete, Greece.
Tel Aviv University, P.O. Box 39040, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel 8 Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G4 0NG, UK.
Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-École Polytechnique
-Université Paris VI, 91128 Palaiseau, France.
University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, PA1
2BE Scotland, UK.
Dip. di Fisica e Astronomia, Univ. degli Studi di Catania – Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania, Italy.
Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff Avenue, Columbus, Ohio
43210, USA.
Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Ludwigstrasse 23, 35390 Giessen, Germany.
Istituto Nazionale di Ottica-UOS, Area della Ricerca del CNR, Via G. Moruzzi 1 – 56124 Pisa,
Italy.
Commissariat à l’énergie atomique, Service de Physique Nucléaire Boite Postale 12, F-91680
Bruyères-le-Châtel, France.
CELIA, Université Bordeaux1, 351 Cours de la Libération, F-33405 Talence cedex, France.
School of Mathematics and Physics, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK.
Università degli Studi di Enna “Kore” –
Via delle Olimpiadi, 94100 Enna, Italy.
Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5D, UK.
Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, Hery Street 23, 01-497 Warsaw, Poland.
“Horia Hulubei” Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 30 Reactorului Street, RO-077125
Bucharest-Magurele, Romania.

Abstract: High power lasers have proven being capable to produce high energy gamma-rays, charged particles and neutrons, and to induce all kinds of nuclear reactions. At ELI, the studies with high power lasers will enter for the first time into new domains of power and intensities: 10 PW and 10(23) W/cm(2). While the development of laser based radiation sources is the main focus at the ELI-Beamlines pillar of ELI, at ELI-NP the studies that will benefit from High Power. Laser System pulses will focus on Laser Driven Nuclear Physics (this TDR, acronym LDNP, associated to the E1 experimental area), High Field Physics and QED (associated to the E6 area) and fundamental research opened by the unique combination of the two 10 PW laser pulses with a gamma beam provided by the Gamma Beam System (associated to E7 area). The scientific case of the LDNP TDR encompasses studies of laser induced nuclear reactions, aiming for a better understanding of nuclear properties, of nuclear reaction rates in laser-plasmas, as well as on the development of radiation source characterization methods based on nuclear techniques. As an example of proposed studies: the promise of achieving solid-state density bunches of (very) heavy ions accelerated to about 10 MeV/nucleon through the RPA mechanism will be exploited to produce highly astrophysical relevant neutron rich nuclei around the N similar to 126 waiting point, using the sequential fission-fusion scheme, complementary to any other existing or planned method of producing radioactive nuclei.
The studies will be implemented predominantly in the E1 area of ELI-NP. However, many of them can be, in a first stage, performed in the E5 and/or E4 areas, where higher repetition laser pulses are available, while the harsh X-ray and electromagnetic pulse (EMP) environments are less damaging compared to E1.
A number of options are discussed through the document, having an important impact on the budget and needed resources. Depending on the TDR review and subsequent project decisions, they may be taken into account for space reservation, while their detailed design and implementation will be postponed.
The present TDR is the result of contributions from several institutions engaged in nuclear physics and high power laser research. A significant part of the proposed equipment can be designed, and afterwards can be built, only in close collaboration with (or subcontracting to) some of these institutions. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is currently under preparation with each of these key partners as well as with others that are interested to participate in the design or in the future experimental program.

Journal/Review: ROMANIAN REPORTS IN PHYSICS

Volume: 68 (sup.1)      Pages from: S37  to: S144

KeyWords: High-power laser interaction; Laser particle acceleration; Nuclear excitation in plasma; Nuclear reactions in plasma; Laser driven neutron generation

Citations: 50
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