An evaluation of the exposure in nadir observation of the JEM-EUSO mission

Year: 2013

Authors: Adams Jr. J.H., Ahmad S., Albert J.-N., Allard D., Ambrosio M., Anchordoqui L., Anzalone A., Arai Y., Aramo C., Asano K., Ave M., Barrillon P., Batsch T., Bayer J., Belenguer T., Bellotti R., Berlind A.A., Bertaina M., Biermann P.L., Biktemerova S., Blaksley C., Bl?cki J., Blin-Bondil S., Blümer J., Bobik P., Bogomilov M., Bonamente M., Briggs M.S., Briz S., Bruno A., Cafagna F., Campana D., Capdevielle J.-N., Caruso R., Casolino M., Cassardo C., Castellini G., Catalano O., Cellino A., Chikawa M., Christl M.J., Connaughton V., Cortés J.F., Crawford H.J., Cremonini R., Csorna S., D\’Olivo J.C., Dagoret-Campagne S., De Castro A.J., De Donato C., De La Taille C., Del Peral L., Dell\’Oro A., De Pascale M.P., Di Martino M., Distratis G., Dupieux M., Ebersoldt A., Ebisuzaki T., Engel R., Falk S., Fang K., Fenu F., Fernández-Gómez I., Ferrarese S., Franceschi A., Fujimoto J., Galeotti P., Garipov G., Geary J., Giaccari U.G., Giraudo G., Gonchar M., González Alvarado C., Gorodetzky P., Guarino F., Guzmán A., Hachisu Y., Harlov B., Haungs A., Hernández Carretero J., Higashide K., Iguchi T., Ikeda H., Inoue N., Inoue S., Insolia A., Isgrò F., Itow Y., Joven E., Judd E.G., Jung A., Kajino F., Kajino T., Kaneko I., Karadzhov Y., Karczmarczyk J., Katahira K., Kawai K., Kawasaki Y., Keilhauer B., Khrenov B.A., Kim J.-S., Kim S.-W., Kim S.-W., Kleifges M., Klimov P.A., Ko S.H., Kolev D., Kreykenbohm I., Kudela K., Kurihara Y., Kuznetsov E., La Rosa G., Lee J., Licandro J., Lim H., López F., Maccarone M.C., Mannheim K., Marcelli L., Marini A., Martin-Chassard G., Martinez O., Masciantonio G., Mase K., Matev R., Maurissen A., Medina-Tanco G., Mernik T., Miyamoto H., Miyazaki Y., Mizumoto Y., Modestino G., Monnier-Ragaigne D., Morales De Los Ríos J.A., Mot B., Murakami T., Nagano M., Nagata M., Nagataki S., Nakamura T., Nam J.W., Nam S., Nam K., Napolitano T., Naumov D., Neronov A., Nomoto K., Ogawa T., Ohmori H., Olinto A.V., Orleanski P., Osteria G., Pacheco N., Panasyuk M.I., Parizot E., Park I.H., Pastircak B., Patzak T., Paul T., Pennypacker C., Peter T., Picozza P., Pollini A., Prieto H., Reardon P., Reina M., Reyes M., Ricci M., Rodríguez I., Rodríguez Frías M.D., Ronga F., Rothkaehl H., Roudil G., Rusinov I., Rybczynski M., Sabau M.D., Sáez Cano G., Saito A., Sakaki N., Sakata M., Salazar H., Sánchez S., Santangelo A., Santiago Crúz L., Sanz Palomino M., Saprykin O., Sarazin F., Sato H., Sato M., Schanz T., Schieler H., Scotti V., Scuderi M., Segreto A., Selmane S., Semikoz D., Serra M., Sharakin S., Shibata T., Shimizu H.M., Shinozaki K., Shirahama T., Siemieniec-Ozi?blo G., Silva López H.H., Sledd J., Slominska K., Sobey A., Sugiyama T., Supanitsky D., Suzuki M., Szabelska B., Szabelski J., Tajima F., Tajima N., Tajima T., Takahashi Y., Takami H., Takeda M., Takizawa Y., Tenzer C., Tibolla O., Tkachev L., Tomida T., Tone N., Trillaud F., Tsenov R., Tsuno K., Tymieniecka T., Uchihori Y., Vaduvescu O., Valdés-Galicia J.F., Vallania P., Valore L., Vankova G., Vigorito C., Villaseñor L., Von Ballmoos P., Wada S., Watanabe J., Watanabe S., Watts J., Weber M., Weiler T.J., Wibig T., Wiencke L., Wille M., Wilms J., Wlodarczyk Z., Yamamoto T., Yamamoto Y., Yang J., Yano H., Yashin I.V., Yonetoku D., Yoshida K., Yoshida S., Young R., Zamora A., Zuccaro Marchi A.

Autors Affiliation: St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Bulgaria; Laboratoire de l\’Accélérateur Linéaire, Univ Paris Sud-11, CNES/IN2P3, Orsay, France; APC, Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, France; IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Toulouse, France; ECAP, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany; Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany; Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany; Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center, University of Tübingen, Germany; Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Würzburg, Germany; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Italy; Universita\’ Degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, INFN-Sezione di Bari, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita\’ di Catania, Italy; Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche, Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Firenze, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Napoli, Italy; Universita\’ di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Italy; INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Palermo, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy; Universita\’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Dipartimento di Fisica, Roma, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Torino, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita\’ di Torino, 10125 Torino, Italy; Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Italy; Chiba University, Chiba, Japan; National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan; Fukui University of Technology, Fukui, Japan; Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Japan; Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan; Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan; Kobe University, Kobe, Japan; Konan University, Kobe, Japan; Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Yukawa Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Japan; Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Institute of Space and Astronautical Science/JAXA, Sagamihara, Japan; Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Japan; Saitama University, Saitama, Japan; Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; Interactive Research Center of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan; University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Japan; RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, Wako, Japan; Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, South Korea; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), Daejeon, South Korea; Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea; Center for Galaxy Evolution Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico; Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo (UMSNH), Morelia, Mexico; Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP), Mexico; Jan Kochanowski University, Institute of Physics, Kielce, Poland; Jagiellonian University, Astronomical Observatory, Krakow, Poland; National Centre for Nuclear Research, Lodz, Poland; Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, Poland; Space Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (CBK), Warsaw, Poland; Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russian Federation; Central Research Institute of Machine Building, TsNIIMash, Korolev, Russian Federation; Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russian Federation; Institute of Experimental Physics, Kosice, Slovakia; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Madrid, Spain; Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Madrid, Spain; Instituto de Física Teórica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain; Universidad de Alcalá (UAH), Madrid, Spain; Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain; Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain; Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), Tenerife, Spain; Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology (CSEM), Neuchâtel, Switzerland; ISDC Data Centre for Astrophysics, Versoix, Switzerland; Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zürich, Switzerland; Space Science Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, United States; University of Chicago, United States; Colorado School of Mines, Golden, United States; University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, United States; University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, United States; NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center, United States; Vanderbilt University, Nashville, United States

Abstract: We evaluate the exposure during nadir observations with JEM-EUSO, the Extreme Universe Space Observatory, on-board the Japanese Experiment Module of the International Space Station. Designed as a mission to explore the extreme energy Universe from space, JEM-EUSO will monitor the Earth\’s nighttime atmosphere to record the ultraviolet light from tracks generated by extensive air showers initiated by ultra-high energy cosmic rays. In the present work, we discuss the particularities of space-based observation and we compute the annual exposure in nadir observation. The results are based on studies of the expected trigger aperture and observational duty cycle, as well as, on the investigations of the effects of clouds and different types of background light. We show that the annual exposure is about one order of magnitude higher than those of the presently operating ground-based observatories.

Journal/Review: ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS

Volume: 44      Pages from: 76  to: 90

More Information: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, JSPS, 24244042. Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, JSPS, 25400227.
KeyWords: Extensive air showers; International Space stations; Japanese experiment modules; JEM-EUSO; Space observatories; Space-based; Space-based observations; Ultra high-energy cosmic rays, Cosmic rays; Ultraviolet radiation, Observatories
DOI: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2013.01.008

Citations: 93
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