Light, Information and Perception inside Historical Buildings. A Case Study
Authors: Balocco C., Farini A., Baldanzi E., Volante G.
Autors Affiliation: Industrial Engineering Department, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy; CNR-INO of Florence, Italy, Italy
Abstract: Many literature studies demonstrated that technologies belonging to cognitive neuroscience can be used in museums. Physics, optics, thermodynamics and neurosciences applications can provide an important support to applied and practical research for lighting our Cultural Heritage. In our research we provided a multidisciplinary integrated approach for the study of the luminous climate inside a historical building: Villa La Quiete in Florence is the case study. The quantitative measurements of the relationship between observer and artworks were performed, with eye-tracking technique application. The Information Theory, read on a thermodynamic basis, the ergonomy of the multi-perceptive learning and optical physics, were the fundamental tools for the assessment of the correct light sources in terms of spectral emission and colour light temperature. The eye-tracking technique combined with the results of lighting parameter quantification, allowed checking how the colour of light changes the observer
KeyWords: Information theory; Light; Light emitting diodes; Light sources; Lighting; Sensory perception; Thermodynamics, Cognitive neurosciences; Cultural heritages; Historical buildings; Information; Integrated approach; Literature studies; Quantitative measurement; Spectral emission, Eye tracking