Implementation and testing of the first prompt search for gravitational wave transients with electromagnetic counterparts

Anno: 2012

Autori: Abadie J., Abbott B. P., Abbott R., Abbott T.D., Abernathy M., Accadia T., Acernese F., Adams C., Adhikari R., Affeldt C., Agathos M., Ajith P., Allen B., Allen G., Amador Ceron E., Amariutei D., Amin R. S., Anderson S. B., Anderson W. G., Arai K., Arain M. A., Araya M., Aston S., Astone P., Atkinson D., Aufmuth P., Aulbert C., Aylott B.E., Babak S., Baker P., Ballardin G., Ballmer S., Barker D., Barone F., Barr B., Barriga P. Barsotti L., Barsuglia M., Barton M.A., Bartos I., Bassiri R., Bastarrika M., Basti A., Batch J., Bauchrowitz, Bauer Th. S., Bebronne M., Behnke B., Beker M.G., Bell A. S., Belletoile A., Belopolski I., Benacquista M., Berliner J.M., Bertolini A., Betzwieser J., Beveridge N., Beyersdorf P.T., Bilenko I.A., Billingsley G ., Birch JK., Biswas R., Bitossi M., Bizouard M.A., Black E., Blackburn J.K., Blackburn L., Blair D., Bland B., Blom M., Bock O., Bodiya T. P., Bogan C., Bondarescu R., Bondu F., Bonelli L., Bonnand R., Bork R., Born M., Boschi V., Bose S., Bosi L., Bouhou B., Braccini S., Bradaschia C., Brady P.R., Braginsky V.B., Branchesi M., Brau J.E., Breyer J., Briant T., Bridges D.O., Brillet A., Brinkmann M., Brisson V., Britzger M., Brooks A.F., Brown D.A., Brummit A., Bulik T., Bulten H.J., Buonanno A., Burguet-Castell J., Burmeister O., Buskulic D., Buy C., Byer R.L., Cadonati L., Cagnoli G., Calloni E., Camp J.B., Campsie P., Cannizzo J., Cannon K., Canuel B., Cao J., Capano C.D., Carbognani F., Caride S., Caudill S., Cavaglia M., Cavalier F., Cavalieri R., Cella G., Cepeda C., Cesarini E., Chaibi O., Chalermsongsak T., Chalkley E., Charlton P., Chassande-Mottin E., Chelkowski S., Chen Y., Chincarini A., Chiummo A., Cho h., Christensen N., Chua S.S.Y., Chung C.T.Y., Chung S., Ciani G., Clara F., Clark D.E., Clark J., Clayton J.H., Cleva F., Coccia E., Cohadon P.-F., Colacino C.N., Colas J., Colla A., Colombini M., Conte A., Conte R., Cook D., Corbitt T.R.C., Cordier M., Cornish N., Corsi A., Costa C.A., Coughlin M., Coulon J.P., Couvares P., Coward D.M., Coyne D.C., Creighton J.D.E., Creighton T.D., Cruise A. M., Cumming A., Cunningham L., Cuoco E., Cutler R.M., Dahl K., Danilishin S.L., Dannenberg R., D’Antonio S., Danzmann K., Dattilo V., Daudert B., Daveloza., Davier M., Davies G., Daw E.J., Day R., Dayanga T., De Rosa R., DeBra D., Debreczeni G., Degallaix J., Del Pozzo W., del Prete M., Dent T., Dergachev V., DeRosa R., DeSalvo R., Dhillon V., Dhurandhar S., Di Fiore L., Di Lieto A., Di Palma I., Di Paolo Emilio M., Di Virgilio A., Diaz M., Dietz A., DiGuglielmo J., Donovan F., Dooley K.L., Dorsher S., Drago M., Drever R.W.P., Driggers J.C., Du Z., Dumas J.C., Dwyer S., Eberle T., Edgar M., Edwards M., Effler A., Ehrens P., Endroczi G., Engel R., Etzel T., Evans K., Evans M., Evans T., Factourovich M., Fafone V., Fairhurst S., Fan Y., Farr B.F., Farr W., Fazi D., Fehrmann H., Feldbaum D., Ferrante I., Fidecaro F., Finn L.S., Fiori I., Fisher R.P., Flaminio R. Flanigan M., Foley S., Forsi E., Forte L.A., Fotopoulos N., Fournier J.D., Franc J., Frasca S., Frasconi F., Frede M., Frei M., Frei Z., Freise A., Fey R., Fricke T.T., Fridriksson J.K., Friedrich D., Fritschel P., Frolov V.V., Fulda P., Fyffe M., Galimberti M., Gammaitoni L., Ganija M.R., Garcia J., Garofoli J.A. Garufi F., Gaspar M.E., Gemme G., Geng R., Genin E., Gennai A., Gergely L.A., Ghosh S., Giaime J.A., Giampanis S., Giardina K.D., Giazotto A., Gill C., Goetz E., Goggin L.M., Gonzalez G., Gorodetsky M.L., Gossler S., Gouaty R., Graef C., Granata M., Grant A., Gras S., Gray C., Gray N., Greenhalgh R. J. S., Gretarsson A. M., Greverie C., Grosso R., Grote H., Grunewald S., Guidi G.M., Guido C., Gupta R., Gustafson E.K., Gustafson R., Ha T., Hage B., Hallam J.M., Hammer D., Hammond G.D., Hanks J., Hanna C., Hanson J., Harms J., Harry G. M., Harry I.W., Harstad E.D., Hartman M.T., Haughian K., Hayama K., Hayau J.F., Heefner J., Heidmann A., Heintze M.C., Heitmann H., Hello P., Hendry M. A., Heng I.S., Heptonstall A., Herrera V., Hewitson M., Hild S., Hoak D., Hodge K.A., Holt K., Homan J., Hong T., Hooper S., Hosken D.J., Hough J., Howell E., Hughey B., Husa S., Huttner S.H., Huynh-Dinh T., Ingram D.R., Inta R., Isogai T., Ivanov A., Izumi K., Jacobson M., Jang H., Jaranowski P., Johnson W.W., Jones D.I., Jones G., Jones R., Ju L., Kalmus P., Kalogera V., Kamaretsos I., Kandhasamy S., Kang G., Kanner J.B., Katsavounidis E., Katzman W., Kaufer H., Kawabe K., Kawamura S., Kawazoe F., Kells W., Keppel D.G., Keresztes Z., Khalaidovski A., Khalili F.Y., Khazanov E., Kim B.K., Kim C., Kim D., Kim H., King K., Kim N., Kim Y.M., King P.J., Kinsey M., Kinzel D.L., Kissel J.S., Klimenko S., Kokeyama K., Kondrashov V., Kopparapu R., Koranda S., Korth W.Z., Kowalska I., Kozak D., Kringel V., Krishnamurthy S., Krishnan B., Krolak A., Kuehn G., Kumar R., Kwee P., Laas-Bourez M., Lam P. K., Landry M., Lang M., Lantz B., Lastzka N., Lawrie C., Lazzarini A., Leaci P., Lee C.H., Lee H.M., Leindecker N., Leong J.R., Leonor I., Leroy N., Letendre N., Li J., Li T.G.F., Liguori N., Lindquist P.E., Lockerbie N.A., Lodhia D., Lorenzini M., Loriette V., Lormand M., Losurdo G., Luan J., Lubinski M., Lueck H., Lundgren A., Macdonald E., Machenschalk B., MacInnis M., Macleod D.M., Mageswaran M., Mailand K., Majorana E. Maksimovic I., Man N., Mandel I., Mandic V., Mantovani M., Marandi A., Marchesoni F., Marion F., Marka S., Marka Z., Markosyan A., Maros E., Marque J., Martelli F., Martin I.W., Martin R.M., Marx J.N., Mason K., Masserot A., Matichard F., Matone L., Matzner R.A., Mavalvala N., Mazzolo G., McCarthy R., McClelland D.E., McDaniel P., McGuire S.C., McIntyre G., McIver J., McKechan D.J.A., Medors G.D., Mehmet M., Meier T., Melatos A., Melissinos A., Mendell G., Menendez D.F., Mercer R.A., Meshkov S., Messenger C., Meyer M.S., Miao H., Michel C., Milano L., Miller J., Minenkov Y., Mitrofanov V.P., Mitselmakher G., Mittleman R., Miyakawa O., Moe B., Moesta P., Mohan M., Mohanty S.D., Mohapatra S.R.P., Moraru D., Moreno G., Morgado N., Morgia A., Mori T., Mosca S., Mossavi K., Mours B., Mow-Lowry C.M., Mueller G., Mueller S., Mukherjee S., Mullavey A., Mueller-Ebhardt H., Munch J., Murphy P.G., Murray P.G., Mytidis A., Nash T., Naticchioni L., Nawrodt R., Necula V., Nelson J., Newton G., Neri I., Newton G., Nishizawa A., Nocera F., Nolting D., Nuttall L., Ochsner E., O’Dell J., Oelker E., Ogin G.H., Oh J.J., Oh S.H., Oldenburg R., O’Reilly B., O’Shaughnessy R., Osthelder C., Ott C.D., Ottaway D.J., Ottens R.S., Overmier H., Owen B.J., Page A., Pagliaroli G., Palladino L., Palomba C., Pan Y., Pankow C., Paoletti F., Papa M.A., Parisi M., Pasqualetti A., Passaquieti R., Passuello D., Patel P., Pedraza M., Peiris P., Pekowsky L., Penn S., Peralta C., Perreca A., Persichetti G., Phelps M., Pichot M., Pickenpack M., Piergiovanni F., Pietka M., Pinard L., Pinto I. M., Pitkin M., Pletsch H. J., Plissi M. V., Poggiani R, Poeld J., Postiglione F., Prato M., Predoi V., Price L.R., Prijatelj M., Principe M., Privitera S., Prix R., Prodi G. A., Prokhorov L., Puncken O., Punturo M., Puppo P., Quetschke V., Raab F. J., Rabeling D. S., Racz I., Radkins H., Raffai P., Rakhmanov M., Ramet C.R., Rankins B., Rapagnani P., Rapport S., Raymond V., Re V., Redwine K., Reed C. M., Reed T., Regimbau T., Reid S., Reitze D. H., Ricci F., Riesen R., Riles K., Robertson N.A., Robinet F., Robinson C., Robinson E. L., Rocchi A., Roddy S., Rodriguez C., Rodruck M., Rolland L., Rollins J., Romano J. D., Romano R., Romie J. H., Rosinska D., Rover C., Rowan S., Rudiger A., Ruggi P., Ryan K., Ryll R., Sainathan P., Sakosky M., Salemi F., Samblowski A., Sammut L., Sancho de la Jordana L., Sandberg V., Sankar S., Sannibale V., Santamaria L., Santiago-Prieto L., Santostasi G., Sassolas B., Sathyaprakash B. S., Sato S., Saulson P. R., Savage R., Schilling R., Schlamminger S., Schnabel R., Schofield R., Schulz B., Schutz B. F., Schwinberg P., Scott J., Scott S. M., Searle A. C., Seifert F., Sellers D., Sengupta A. S., Sentenac D., Sergeev A., Shaddock D.A., Shaltev M., Shapiro B., Shawhan P., Shoemaker D. H., Sibley A., Siemens X., Sigg D., Singer A., Singer L., Sintes A. M., Skelton G., Slagmolen B. J. J., Slutsky J., Smith J. R., Smith M. R., Smith N. D., Smith R.J.E., Somiya K., Sorazu B., Soto J., Speirits F.C., Sperandio L., Stefszky M., Stein A. J., Steinet E., Steinlechner J., Steinlechner S., Steplewski S., Stochino A., Stone R., Strain K. A., Strigin S., Stroeer A., Sturani R., Stuver A. L., Summerscales T.Z., Sung M., Susmithan S., Sutton P. J., Swinkels B., Tacca M., Taffarello L., Talukder D., Tanner D. B., Tarabrin S. P., Taylor J. R., Taylor R., Thomas P., Thorne K. A., Thorne K. S., Thrane E., Thuering A., Titsler C., Tokmakov K. V., Toncelli A., Tonelli M., Torre O., Torres C., Torrie C. I., Tournefier E., Travasso F., Traylor G.., Trias M., Tseng K., Ugolini D., Urbanek K., Vahlbruch H., Vajente G., Vallisneri M., van den Brand J. F. J., Van Den Broeck C., van der Putten S., van der Veggel A. A., Vass S., Vasuth M., Vaulin R., Vavoulidis M., Vecchio A., Vedovato G., Veitch J., Veitch P. J., Veltkamp C., Verkindt D., Vetrano F., Vicere A., Villar A., Vinet J. -Y., Vitale S., Vitale S., Vocca H., Vorvick C., Vyachanin S.P., Wade A., Waldman S.J., Wallace L., Wan Y., Wang X., Wang Z., Wanner A., Ward R.L., Was M., Wei P., Weinert M., Weinstein A. J., Weiss R., Wen L., Wen S., Wessels P., West M., Westphal T., Wette K., Whelan J.T., Whitcomb S.E., White D., Whiting B. F., Wilkinson C., Willems P. A., Williams H. R., Williams L., Willke B., Winkelmann L., Winkler W., Wipf C. C., Wiseman A. G., Wittel H., Woan G., Wooley R., Worden J., Yablon J., Yakushin I., Yamamoto H., Yamamoto K., Yang H., Yeaton-Massey D., Yoshida S., Yu P., Yvert M., Zadrozny A., Zanolin M., Zendri J.-P., Zhang F., Zhang L., Zhang W., Zhang Z., Zhao C., Zotov N., Zucker M. E., Zweizig J., Akerlof C., Boer M., Fender R., Gehrels N., Klotz A., Ofek E.O., Smith M., Sokolowski M., Stappers B.W., Steele I., Swinbank J., Wijers R.A.M.J., Zheng W.

Affiliazione autori: NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA; LIGO Calif Inst Technol, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Calif State Univ Fullerton, Fullerton, CA 92831 USA; Univ Glasgow, SUPA, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland; Univ Savoie, CNRS IN2P3, Lab Annecy Le Vieux Phys Particules LAPP, F-74941 Annecy Le Vieux, France; INFN, Sezione Napoli, Complesso Univ Monte S Angelo, I-80126 Naples, Italy; Univ Naples Federico II, Complesso Univ Monte S Ang, I-80126 Naples, Italy; Univ Salerno, I-84084 Salerno, Italy; LIGO Livingston Observ, Livingston, LA 70754 USA; Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, Albert Einstein Inst, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; Leibniz Univ Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany; Nikhef, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Vrije Univ Amsterdam, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands; Univ Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201 USA; Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA; Univ Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA; Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA; Univ Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England; INFN, Sezione Roma, I-00185 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome, Italy; LIGO Hanford Observ, Richland, WA 99352 USA; Max Planck Inst Gravitat Phys, Albert Einstein Inst, D-14476 Golm, Germany; Montana State Univ, Bozeman, MT 59717 USA; EGO, I-56021 Cascina, PI, Italy; Syracuse Univ, Syracuse, NY 13244 USA; Univ Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia; LIGO Massachusetts Inst Technol, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA; Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS IN2P3, CEA Irfu, Observ Paris,APC, F-75205 Paris 13, France; Columbia Univ, New York, NY 10027 USA; Univ Pisa, INFN, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; Univ Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy; Univ Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy; Univ Texas Brownsville, Brownsville, TX 78520 USA; San Jose State Univ, San Jose, CA 95192 USA; Moscow MV Lomonosov State Univ, Moscow 119992, Russia; Univ Paris 11, IN2P3 CNRS, LAL, F-91898 Orsay, France; CNRS, ESPCI, F-75005 Paris, France; Penn State Univ, University Pk, PA 16802 USA; Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observ Cote Azur, F-06304 Nice, France; Univ Rennes 1, CNRS, Inst Phys Rennes, F-35042 Rennes, France; IN2P3 CNRS, LMA, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France; Washington State Univ, Pullman, WA 99164 USA; INFN, Sezione Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Univ Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; INFN, Sezione Firenze, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Univ Urbino Carlo Bo, I-61029 Urbino, Italy; Univ Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 USA; Univ Paris 06, UPMC, CNRS, Lab Kastler Brossel,ENS, F-75005 Paris, France; HSIC, Rutherford Appleton Lab, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England; IM PAN, PL-00956 Warsaw, Poland; Warsaw Univ, Astron Observ, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland; CAMK PAN, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland; Bialystok Univ, PL-15424 Bialystok, Poland; NCBJ, PL-05400 Otwock, Poland; Inst Astron, PL-65265 Zielona Gora, Poland; Univ Maryland, College Pk, MD 20742 USA; Univ Illes Balears, Palma De Mallorca 07122, Spain; Univ Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003 USA; Univ Toronto, Canadian Inst Theoret Astrophys, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada; Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China; Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA; Univ Mississippi, University, MS 38677 USA; Charles Sturt Univ, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia; Caltech CaRT, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; INFN, Sezione Genova, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Pusan Natl Univ, Pusan 609735, South Korea; Carleton Coll, Northfield, MN 55057 USA; Australian Natl Univ, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia; Univ Melbourne, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia; Cardiff Univ, Cardiff CF24 3AA, S Glam, Wales; INFN, Sezione Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Univ Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome, Italy; Univ Aquila, I-67100 Laquila, Italy; Univ Salerno, I-84084 Salerno, Italy; Univ Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, S Yorkshire, England; RMKI, WIGNER RCP, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly Thege M, Hungary; INFN, Grp Collegato Trento, I-38050 Povo, Trento, Italy; Univ Trento, I-38050 Povo, Trento, Italy; INFN, Sezione Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy; Inter Univ Ctr Astron & Astrophys, Pune 411007, Maharashtra, India; Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA; CALTECH, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA; Northwestern Univ, Evanston, IL 60208 USA; Univ Texas Austin, Austin, TX 78712 USA; Rochester Inst Technol, Rochester, NY 14623 USA; Eotvos Lorand Univ, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary; Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia; Univ Szeged, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary; Embry Riddle Aeronaut Univ, Prescott, AZ 86301 USA; Natl Inst Math Sci, Taejon 305390, South Korea; Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada; Natl Astron Observ Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 1818588, Japan; Korea Inst Sci & Technol Informat, Taejon 305806, South Korea; Univ Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England; Inst Appl Phys, Nizhnii Novgorod 603950, Russia; Lund Observ, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden; Hanyang Univ, Seoul 133791, South Korea; Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151742, South Korea; Univ Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XQ, Lanark, Scotland; So Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA; A&M Coll, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA; Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA; Hobart & William Smith Coll, Geneva, NY 14456 USA; Univ Sannio Benevento, I-82100 Benevento, Italy; Louisiana Tech Univ, Ruston, LA 71272 USA; McNeese State Univ, Lake Charles, LA 70609 USA; Univ Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA; Andrews Univ, Berrien Springs, MI 49104 USA; Trinity Univ, San Antonio, TX 78212 USA; SE Louisiana Univ, Hammond, LA 70402 USA; IRAP, F-31400 Toulouse, France; Andrzej Soltan Inst Nucl Studies, PL-00681 Warsaw, Poland; Univ Manchester, Jodrell Bank Ctr Astrophys, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England; Liverpool John Moores Univ, Liverpool L3 2AJ, Merseyside, England

Abstract: Aims. A transient astrophysical event observed in both gravitational wave (GW) and electromagnetic (EM) channels would yield rich scientific rewards. A first program initiating EM follow-ups to possible transient GW events has been developed and exercised by the LIGO and Virgo community in association with several partners. In this paper, we describe and evaluate the methods used to promptly identify and localize GW event candidates and to request images of targeted sky locations.

Giornale/Rivista: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS

Volume: 539      Da Pagina: A124  A: A124

Maggiori informazioni: The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector, and the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of gravitational wave research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the International Science Linkages program of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, the Conselleria d\’Economia Hisenda i Innovacio of the Govern de les Illes Balears, the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish Science, the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Carnegie Trust, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. The authors acknowledge support for TAROT from the French Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres and Ministere de l\’Enseignement Superieur et de la Recherche. The observations by ROTSE-III were supported by NASA grant NNX08AV63G and NSF grant PHY-0801007. The work with Swift was partially supported through a NASA grant/cooperative agreement number NNX09AL61G to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The contribution from the \”Pi of the Sky\” group was financed by the Polish Ministry of Science in 2008-2011 as a research project. We thank Joshua S. Bloom for useful discussions on the rates of PTF transients and their classification. This document has been assigned LIGO Laboratory document number LIGO-P1000061-v19.
Parole chiavi: gravitational waves; methods: observational; gamma-ray bursts; coalescing compact binaries; GRB optical afterglows
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201118219

Citazioni: 79
dati da “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) aggiornati al: 2022-10-02
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