Moment of inertia and dynamical rotational response of a supersolid dipolar gas

Anno: 2022

Autori: Roccuzzo S.M., Recati A., Stringari S.

Affiliazione autori: INO-CNR Bec Center and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita Degli Studi di Trento, Povo, 38123, Italy; Trento Institute for Fundamental Physics and Applications, Infn, Trento, 38123, Italy

Abstract: We show that knowledge of the time-dependent response of a trapped gas, subject to a sudden rotation of a confining harmonic potential, allows for the determination of the moment of inertia of dipolar supersolid configurations. While in the presence of one-dimensional arrays of droplets the frequency of the resulting scissors oscillation provides accurate access to the value of the moment of inertia, two-dimensional-like configurations are characterized by low-frequency resonances in the rotating signal, reflecting the presence of significant rigid-body components in the rotational motion. Using the formalism of response-function theory and simulations based on the so-called extended time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation, we point out the crucial role played by the low-frequency components in the determination of the moment of inertia and of its deviations from the irrotational value. We also propose a protocol based on the stationary rotation of the trap, followed by its sudden stop, which might provide a promising alternative to the experimental evaluation of the moment of inertia.

Giornale/Rivista: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 105 (2)      Da Pagina: 023316-1  A: 023316-7

Maggiori informazioni: We thank G. Biagioni, F. Ferlaino, G. Modugno, M. Norcia, and E. Poli for insightful discussions. This work was supported by Q@TN (the joint laboratory between the University of Trento, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, the National Institute for Nuclear Physics, and the National Research Council), the Provincia Autonoma di Trento, and the Italian MUR under PRIN2017 project CEnTraL (Protocol No. 20172H2SC4).
Parole chiavi: scissors mode; superfluidity
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.105.023316