Risultati scientifici

Calibration aspects of the JEM-EUSO mission

Anno: 2015

Autori: The JEM-EUSO Collaboration Adams, J.H. Jr., Ahmad S., Albert J.-N., Allard D., Anchordoqui L., Andreev V., Anzalone A., Arai Y., Asano K., Ave Pernas M., Baragatti P., Barrillon P., Batsch T., Bayer J., Bechini R., Belenguer T., Bellotti R., Belov K., Berlind A.A., Bertaina M., Biermann P.L., Biktemerova S., Blaksley C., Blanc N., Bl?cki J., Blin-Bondil S., Blümer J., Bobik P., Bogomilov M., Bonamente M., Briggs M.S., Briz S., Bruno A., Cafagna F., Campana D., Capdevielle J.-N., Caruso R., Casolino M., Cassardo C., Castellinic G., Catalano C., Catalano G., Cellino A., Chikawa M., Christl M.J., Cline D., Connaughton V., Conti L., Cordero G., Crawford H.J., Cremonini R., Csorna S., Dagoret-Campagne S., de Castro A.J., De Donato C., de la Taille C., De Santis C., del Peral L., Dell’Oro A., De Simone N., Di Martino M., Distratis G., Dulucq F., Dupieux M., Ebersoldt A., Ebisuzaki T., Engel R., Falk S., Fang K., Fenu F., Fernández-Gómez I., Ferrarese S., Finco D., Flamini M., Fornaro C., Franceschi A., Fujimoto J., Fukushima M., Galeotti P., Garipov G., Geary J., Gelmini G., Giraudo G., Gonchar M., González Alvarado C., Gorodetzky P., Guarino F., Guzmán A., Hachisu Y., Harlov B., Haungs A., Hernández Carretero J., Higashide K., Ikeda D., Ikeda H., Inoue N., Inoue S., Insolia A., Isgrò F., Itow Y., Joven E., Judd E.G., Jung A., Kajino F., Kajino T., Kaneko I., Karadzhov Y., Karczmarczyk J., Karus M., Katahira K., Kawai K., Kawasaki Y., Keilhauer B., Khrenov B.A., Kim J.-S., Kim S.-W., Kim S.-W., Kleifges M., Klimov P.A., Kolev D., Kreykenbohm I., Kudela K., Kurihara Y., Kusenko A., Kuznetsov E., Lacombe M., Lachaud C., Lee J., Licandro J., Lim H., López F., Maccarone M.C., Mannheim K., Maravilla D., Marcelli L., Marini A., Martinez O., Masciantonio G., Mase K., Matev R., Medina-Tanco G., Mernik T., Miyamoto H., Miyazaki Y., Mizumoto Y., Modestino G., Monaco A., Monnier-Ragaigne D., Morales de los Ríos J.A., Moretto C., Morozenko V.S., Mot B., Murakami T., Murakami M.N., Nagata M., Nagataki S., Nakamura T., Napolitano T., Naumov D., Nava R., Neronov A., Nomoto K., Nonaka T., Ogawa T., Ogio S., Ohmori H., Olinto A.V., Orleanski P., Osteria G., Panasyuk M.I., Parizot E., Park I.H., Park H.W., Pastircak B., Patzak T., Paul T., Pennypacker C., Perez Cano S., Peter T., Picozza P., Pierog T., Piotrowski L.W., Piraino S., Plebaniak Z., Pollini A., Prat P., Prévôt G., Prieto H., Putis M., Reardon P., Reyes M., Ricci M., Rodríguez I., Rodríguez Frías M.D., Ronga F., Roth M., Rothkaehl H., Roudil G., Rusinov I., Rybczynski M., Sabau M.D., Sáez-Cano G., Sagawa H., Saito A., Sakaki N., Sakata M., Salazar H., Sánchez S., Santangelo A., Santiago Crúz L., Sanz Palomino M., Saprykin O., Sarazin F., Sato H., Sato M., Schanz T., Schieler H., Scotti V., Segreto A., Selmane S., Semikoz D., Serra M., Sharakin S., Shibata T., Shimizu H.M., Shinozaki K., Shirahama T., Siemieniec-Ozi?blo G., Silva López H.H., Sledd J., Slominska K., Sobey A., Sugiyama T., Supanitsky D., Suzuki M., Szabelska B., Szabelski J., Tajima F., Tajima N., Tajima T., Takahashi Y., Takami H., Takeda M., Takizawa Y., Tenzer C., Tibolla O., Tkachev L., Tokuno H., Tomida T., Tone N., Toscano S., Trillaud F., Tsenov R., Tsunesada Y., Tsuno K., Tymieniecka T., Uchihori Y., Unger M., Vaduvescu O., Valdés-Galicia J.F., Vallania P., Valore L., Vankova G., Vigorito C., Villaseñor L., von Ballmoos P., Wada S., Watanabe J., Watanabe S., Watts J., Jr. Weber, M. Weiler, T.J. Wibig, T. Wiencke, L. Wille, M. Wilms, J. Wlodarczyk, Z. Yamamoto, T. Yamamoto, Y. Yang, J. Yano, H. Yashin, I.V. Yonetoku, D. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, S. Young, R. Zotov, M.Y. Zuccaro Marchi, A.

Affiliazione autori: St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria; LAL, Univ Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3, Orsay, France; Omega, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, Palaiseau, France; APC, Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Obs. de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Toulouse, France; ECAP, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany; Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany; Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany; Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany; Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Bari, Italy; Universita’ degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro and INFN, Sezione di Bari, Bari, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita’ di Catania, Catania, Italy; Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Ist. di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara, Firenze, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare – Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare – Sezione di Napoli, Naples, Italy; Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita’ di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy; INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Palermo, Palermo, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare – Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare – Sezione di Torino, Torino, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Torino, INFN Torino, Torino, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Torino, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare – Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Ingegneria, UTIU, Rome, Italy; DIETI, Universita’ degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy; Chiba University, Chiba, Japan; National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan; Fukui University of Technology, Fukui, Japan; Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Japan; Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan; Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan; Kobe University, Kobe, Japan; Konan University, Kobe, Japan; Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Yukawa Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Japan; Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan; Institute of Space and Astronautical Science/JAXA, Sagamihara, Japan; Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Japan; Saitama University, Saitama, Japan; Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; Interactive Research Center of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan; University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Japan; RIKEN, Wako, Japan; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), Daejeon, South Korea; Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea; Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea; Center for Galaxy Evolution Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico; Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo (UMSNH), Morelia, Mexico; Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP), Puebla, Mexico; Institute of Physics, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland; Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland; National Centre for Nuclear Research, Lodz, Poland; Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences (CBK), Warsaw, Poland; Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russian Federation; Central Research Institute of Machine Building, TsNIIMash, Korolev, Russian Federation; Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation; Department of Space Physics, Institute of Experimental Physics, Kosice, Slovakia; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Madrid, Spain; Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Madrid, Spain; Universidad de Alcalá (UAH), Madrid, Spain; Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), Tenerife, Spain; Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology (CSEM), Neuchâtel, Switzerland; ISDC Data Centre for Astrophysics, Versoix, Switzerland; Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland; Space Science Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, United States; University of Chicago, Chicago, United States; Colorado School of Mines, Golden, United States; University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, United States; University of California (UCLA), Los Angeles, United States; University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, United States; NASA – Marshall Space Flight Center, Madison County, United States; Vanderbilt University, Nashville, United States; APC, Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; IKP, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, D-76021, Germany; Department of Physics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, United States

Abstract: The JEM-EUSO telescope will be, after calibration, a very accurate instrument which yields the number of received photons from the number of measured photo-electrons. The project is in phase A (demonstration of the concept) including already operating prototype instruments, i.e. many parts of the instrument have been constructed and tested. Calibration is a crucial part of the instrument and its use. The focal surface (FS) of the JEM-EUSO telescope will consist of about 5000 photo-multiplier tubes (PMTs), which have to be well calibrated to reach the required accuracy in reconstructing the air-shower parameters. The optics system consists of 3 plastic Fresnel (double-sided) lenses of 2.5 m diameter. The aim of the calibration system is to measure the efficiencies (transmittances) of the optics and absolute efficiencies of the entire focal surface detector. The system consists of 3 main components: (i) Pre-flight calibration devices on ground, where the efficiency and gain of the PMTs will be measured absolutely and also the transmittance of the optics will be. (ii) On-board relative calibration system applying two methods: a) operating during the day when the JEM-EUSO lid will be closed with small light sources on board. b) operating during the night, together with data taking: the monitoring of the background rate over identical sites. (iii) Absolute in-flight calibration, again, applying two methods: a) measurement of the moon light, reflected on high altitude, high albedo clouds. b) measurements of calibrated flashes and tracks produced by the Global Light System (GLS). Some details of each calibration method will be described in this paper.

Giornale/Rivista: EXPERIMENTAL ASTRONOMY (PRINT)

Volume: 40 (1)      Da Pagina: 91  A: 116

Parole chiavi: Air-Shower fluorescence telescope; Calibration; JEM-EUSO; Space-Based experiment
DOI: 10.1007/s10686-015-9453-2

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