Nonclassical storage and retrieval of a multiphoton pulse in cold Rydberg atoms
Authors: Tian XD., Liu YM., Bao QQ., Wu JH., Artoni M., La Rocca GC.
Autors Affiliation: [Tian, Xue-Dong; Liu, Yi-Mou; Wu, Jin-Hui] Northeast Normal Univ, Ctr Quantum Sci, Changchun 130024, Jilin, Peoples R China.
[Tian, Xue-Dong; Liu, Yi-Mou; Wu, Jin-Hui] Northeast Normal Univ, Sch Phys, Changchun 130024, Jilin, Peoples R China.
[Tian, Xue-Dong] Guangxi Normal Univ, Coll Phys Sci & Technol, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China.
[Bao, Qian-Qian] Liaoning Univ, Coll Phys, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
[Artoni, M.] Brescia Univ, Dept Engn & Informat Technol, I-25133 Brescia, Italy and INO, CNR, I-25133 Brescia, Italy.
[La Rocca, G. C.] Scuola Normale Super Pisa, I-56126 Pisa, Italy and CNISM, I-56126 Pisa, Italy.
Abstract: We investigate the storage and retrieval of a multiphoton probe field in cold Rydberg atoms with an effective method based on the superatom model. This probe field is found greatly attenuated in light intensity and two-photon correlation yet suffering little temporal broadening as a result of the partial dipole blockade of Rydberg excitation. In particular, the output field energy exhibits an intriguing saturation effect against the input field energy accompanied by an inhomogeneous nonclassical antibunching feature as a manifestation of the dynamic cooperative optical nonlinearity. Our numerical results are qualitatively consistent with those in a recent experiment and could be extended to pursue quantum information applications of nonclassical light fields.
Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Volume: 97 (4) Pages from: 043811-1 to: 043811-6
More Information: This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11534002, No. 11547261, No. 11674049, and No. 11704063), the Collaborative Research Project by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (Grant No. PGR00960) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11861131001), the Graduate Innovation Fund of Jilin University (Grant No. 2016064), the Youth Fund of Liaoning University (Grant No. LDQN201430), and the General Science and Technology Research Plans of Liaoning Educational Bureau (Grant No. L2014002).KeyWords: Atomic beams; Nonlinear optics; Probes; Quantum optics; Cold Rydberg atoms; Non-classical lights; Optical nonlinearity; Quantum information applications; Rydberg excitation; Storage and retrievals; Temporal broadening; Two-photon correlation; Rydberg statesDOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.97.043811Citations: 5data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2020-10-18References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here